Create an account
term used to describe the type of anxiety present in GAD, because the individual is plagued by excessive anxiety under most circumstances and about anything
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
characterized by excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worry about practically anything
Symptoms of GAD
feeling restless, "keyed up," or on edge; fatigue; trouble concentrating; muscle tension; difficulty sleeping. In order for a diagnosis to be warranted, symptoms must have been present for at least 6 months
Incidence and Prevalence of GAD in Western Society
Incidence= 3% Prevalence= 6%; signs and symptoms usually appear in childhood or adolescence; women diagnosed more often than men by a 2:1 ratio; ~25% of people with GAD are actually getting tx
Sociocultural explanation for development of GAD
*People in social conditions that are truly dangerous are most likely to develop GAD (ex: poverty, dangerous neighborhoods, job opportunities)
Race & Prevalence of GAD
in any given year, 6% of Af. Ams. and 3.1% whites suffer from GAD; highest rates seen among Af. Am. women (6.6%)
Realistic anxiety (psychodynamic perspective)
Anxiety children experience when they face actual danger (ex: getting lost, hearing about bad things on the news)
Neurotic anxiety (psychodynamic perspective)
Anxiety developed by children when they are PREVENTED (by a parents, etc.) from expressing id impulses (ex: jumping on the bed, streaking, playing with their food).
Moral anxiety (psychodynamic perspective)
Anxiety developed by children when they are PUNISHED for expressing id impulses (something "morally" wrong; goes a step further than neurotic anxiety)
Psychodynamic explanation for development of GAD
One can use ego defense mechanisms to control the 3 forms of anxiety, but it is when they do not work, or when the anxiety is too high that GAD develops.
Ego Defense Mechanisms (6)
1) Regression 2) Denial 3) Rationalization 4) Projection 5) Sublimation 6) Displacement
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together