55 terms

WWI & RU Rev Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
total war
WWI was involved in a complete mobilization fo resources and people.
Gavrilo Princip
Assassinated the archduke and his wife.
stalemate
The term used for how the Western Front fell.
Whites
anti-communist groups in the Russian Civil War
Long-term causes of war
Nationalism, Alliances, and Imperialism
national security
guided the approach to peace
FR did not want GER to have the ability to invade again
Verdun
10 month battle on Western front in which 700,000 lost their lives
Leon Trotsky
head of the Petrograd soviet and later commissar of war
new weapons of WWI
tanks, airplanes, chemical weapons
Russia's interest in WWI
wanted to help Serbia b/c both Slavic!
Germany's punishment of the Treaty of Versailles
reparations, disarmaments, and blame
March Revolution
removed Nicholas II from power. People ticked about:poor military leaders, food shortages, peasants suffering (Put the czar in J.A.I.L.)
Grigori Rasputin
Serbian peasant who influenced Alexandra
women
The role of this gender was greatly expanded during WWI.
Western Front
characterized by stalemate due to trench warfare
Nicholas II
last czar of Russia. Poor leader (bad military decisions)
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
assassination triggered WWI
Cheka
The Red Secret Polic began a Red Terror campaign to destroy all those who opposed the new regime
Kaiser Willham II
GER leader- forced to step down before surrender accepted
Reasons for US entry
Zimmerman telegraph, Unrestricted Sub warfare, Russian Rev
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Got RU out of WWI, gave up a bunch of Russian land
Soviets
coucils composed of representatives of workers and soldiers
Central Powers
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire
David Lloyd George
Brit PM
Italy
betrayed Germany and Austria by attacking Austria in May 1915 - Gold diggers- wanted land!
Shieffen Plan
Its goal was to avoid a two front war. Wanted to attach FR first - thought RU was the bigger threat.
Bolshveiks
Under the leadership of V. I. Lenin, this group became a party dedicated to violent revolution.
Armistice
truce to end the fighting
Georges Clemenceau
Premier of FR - wanted GER to pay dearly
demilitarized Rhineland
Woodrow Wilson
the spokesperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation. Wanted League of Nations. 14 Points
Britain
Joined WWI after Belg was invaded
Lenin
GER sent him back to Russia (wanted Civil War) = Communism = violent revolution
constricption
military draft
Western Front
trench warfare kept this front at the same position for four years (stalemate)
Erich von Ludendorff
Military leader of GER
government agencies
directed planned ecnomics during times of war to make sure war needs were met.
Black Hand
the group that conspired to assassinate Archduke Francis Ferdinand
mobilization
readying oneself for war
November Revolution
communist takeover of RU
propaganda
the spread of ideas to influence public opinion for or against a cause
mandate
A nation officially goverened by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations.
MAIN
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
Reasons for WWI
Germans through this was too harsh
Treaty of Versailles
Lawrence of Arabia
Urged princes in the Middle East to revolt against Ottoman overloads.
War of attrition
wearing the other side down with constant attacks
Iraq and Palestine
Britain ruled what as mandates on behalf of the League of Nations after WWI
self-determination
the right of people to have their own nation
Triple Alliance
GER- A-H, & IT
mobility
Eastern Front characterization
shell shock
PTSD (Post traumatic Stress Disorder) What many troops returned home with because of the atrocities witnessed in war
The Big Three
Wilson, Clemenceau, George (BFU)
Article 231
War Guilt Clause -Germany was unhappy with this because it declared that they were responsible for starting the war (Remember the blank check???)
Triple Entente
Britain, Russia, and France
Reds
communist supporters in the Russian Civil War
Battle of Marne
Taxi Cab battle- GER stopped - Shiefflen plan nixed