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LEXIS is individual words or sets of words, i.e. vocabulary items, that have a specific meaning, for example: tree, get up, first of all.
Terms in this set (22)
1. The situation in which language is used or presented.
2. The words or phrases before or after a word in discourse which help someone to understand that word.
Nouns, verbs, adjectives or prepositions that are made up of two or more words and have one unit of meaning, e.g. assistant office manager, long-legged.
Words which are regularly used together. The relation between the words may be grammatical, for example when certain verbs/adjectives collocate with particular prepositions.
A group of words or phrases that are about the same content topic or subject, e.g. weather - storm, to rain, wind,
Individual words or sets of words, e.g. homework, study, whiteboard, get dressed, be on time.
The dictionary definition of a word e.g. a chair is a piece of furniture with legs and we use it to sit on.
An imaginative meaning of a word e.g. he put all his heart into his new job.
The original or basic meaning of a word.
The meaning given to an utterance by the situation in which it occurs e.g. 'would you mind keeping quiet' said by a teacher to a student is likely to have the pragmatic meaning of a command rather than an enquiry about willingness.
The meanings of words or how they relate to one another e.g. as synonyms, antonyms.
A word which sounds the same as another word, but has a different meaning or spelling, e.g. I knew he had won; I bought a new book.
A word with the same spelling and pronunciation as another word, but which has a different meaning, e.g. bit (past tense of 'bite') and a bit (a little).
The formality or informality of the language used in a particular situation. Formal register or language is that used in serious or important situations, e.g. in a job application. Informal register or language is that used in relaxed or friendly situations, e.g. with family or friends. Register may also refer to language which is specific to a particular group, e.g. technical register, scientific register.
binomials or trinomials
a phrase containing two or three parts that are joined together by a conjunction and always appear in the same order, e.g. forgive and forget; tall, dark and handsome
a combination of a verb and particle which has a particular meaning, e.g. look forward to, bring up
an expression which functions as a single unit and whose meaning cannot be worked out from its separate parts, e.g. piece of cake, be under the weather
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid, e.g. eat like a horse, as old as the hills
a short sentence that people often quote, which gives advice or tells you something about life, e.g. the early bird catches the worm
words or expressions that join elements of a text, e.g. in addition; on the other hand
an utterance, which may not have the structure o a full sentence, and which shows strong, e.g. You must be kidding!; How nice!
A word or phrase that someone speaks, e.g. Right; Have a nice weekend
Any group of words commonly found together or near one another, e.g. phrasal verbs, idioms, collocations, fixed expressions etc.
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