nothing that we've learned, just natural physical response such (dog saliva/straw lecture story)
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior
short term memory
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten
a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past
smallest meaningful units of speech; simple words, suffixes, prefixes; examples: red, hot, calm, -ed, pre-
heirarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher level safety needs and then psychological needs become active. (Physiological, Safety, Belongingness/Love, Esteem, Self-actualization)
(psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious
A phenomenon that no one can accurately recall events from the first three years of life.
an acquired response that is under the control of (conditional on the occurrence of) a stimulus
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—naturally and automatically—triggers a response.
in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli - learning by association
Russian physiologist who observed conditioned salivary responses in dogs (1849-1936) (CLASSICAL CONDITIONING)
the indvidual that published the first measure of intelligence in 1905. The purpose of his intelligence test was to correctly place students on academic tracks in the French school system.
garcia and koelling
researchers who did major studies on classical conditoning and taste aversions - rats
a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety
1904-1990; Field: behavioral; Contributions: created techniques to manipulate the consequences of an organism's behavior in order to observe the effects of subsequent behavior; Studies: Skinner box
(Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) Verbal & performance scores. Most widely used intelligence test today
humanistic psychology; hierarchy of needs-needs at a lower level dominate an individual's motivation as long as they are unsatisfied; self-actualization, transcendence
James Lange theory
we are afraid BECAUSE WE TREMBLE, different PATTERNS of autonomic activation lead to the experience of different emotions
the process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed
YERKES DODSON LAW
performance is best under a condition of moderate arousal - social interaction causes stimulation, change in activity
the diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS); occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced.
higher order conditioning
Pairing a second conditioned stimulus with the first conditioned stimulus in order to produce a second conditioned response.
memories that are recalled better when the mood in which they were orginallt encoded is recreated
Swiss psychologist remembered for his studies of cognitive development in children (4 stages)(1896-1980)
Freud's term for the biologically based instinctual drives that he believed fuels behavior, thoughts and feelings