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Arts and Humanities
MODERN WORLD- Ch 27 and Pearl Harbor
Terms in this set (55)
Why did Japan want French IndoChina?
They wanted to prevent China from importing arms and fuel through them.
Why was Japan able to invade French IndoChina?
France had fallen, and because of this, French IndoChina had no protection.
Who was the leader of Italy?
Who came to the aid of the Ethiopians?
What was Hitler's book?
Benito Mussolini was the leader of what group/political party?
What was Hitler's political party?
How did Hitler appeal to the German people?
He promised to turn the country around by tight industrial and MILITARY BUILDUP, and he preached the idea that Germans were the master race.
What was the first act of aggression after WWI by a European state?
Italy's invasion of Ethiopia in 1935
In 1931 Japan invaded what state?
How did a certain 1923 conference insult the Japanese?
The Washington Conference insults and angers Japan because the size of their navy was more limited than other countries.
In what city was the Washington Conference held?
What was the topic of the treaty that angered the Japanese people and caused a change of leadership in Japan?
Japan's economy suffered in the 1920's. Overall, a major economic problem in Japan is a lack of...
Name the group of people that were in charge of the Japanese gov't at the beginning of WWII?
The military- the former peasants that overthrew the former samurais
Which 2 men were legally elected leaders/took power of their countries in 1933?
Hitler (Germany) and FDR (USA)- both elected and died at the same time
What does the term Anti-Semitism mean?
Prejudice and hostility towards the Jews.
How did the German people feel after WWI?
Germans were outraged over the Treaty of Versailles
Why was Italy angry after WWI about the Treaty of Versailles?
They felt left out of many of the treaty negotiations because the central powers felt that Italy didn't do their share in the war. They didn't get the land they were promised.
Which European country had not been conquered by Germany by 1941?
What did Britain, France, and Italy allow Germany to take in 1938 at Munich?
Sudetenland- occupies part of Czechoslovakia
What even finally ended America's neutrality and we declared war?
What happened shortly after Hitler signed a nonaggression pact (Nazi-Soviet Pact) with the Soviet Union?
Germany invades Poland; France and England declare war; Poland falls in 3 weeks
Why did Hitler claim that he had to annex Austria and Czechoslovakia?
The Germans in those areas were being mistreated.
What was the "phony war"?
The first few months after France and England declared war on Germany. No action.
What happened at Dunkirk?
The allied soldiers escaped.
What were the neutrality laws?
Laws designed to keep us out of war
Who was the only group that could interfere with the Japanese planned invasion of French IndoChina?
Why did Japan believe that they were forced into war?
We froze their assets and forced them out of China.
Why were the Japanese supportive of their army's invasion of French IndoChina?
Good economically; wanted to replace China as the great powerhouse
How did the Japanese obtain total surprise in their attack of Pearl Harbor?
They chose an unexpected route- they chose a northern route in bad weather so they would go undetected
Where did the American military officers expect a Japanese attack?
Philippines, Guam, or Wake
Who was the designer or creator of the Pearl Harbor attack?
About how long did the attack on Pearl Harbor last?
What was the Japanese airplane called?
What was the German air force known as?
What was the German army tank called?
Name a new weapon used at Pearl Harbor on December 7.
-New torpedoes with "wings" for shallow waters
Who said "I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve."?
Who was the target of Kristallnacht?
Who was the leader of Russia?
Who was the British Prime minister that negotiated The Munich Pact, or appeasement?
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
TERMS TO KNOW
Russia/Stalin eager for a second front
D-Day; Normandy vs Calais
Harry Truman replaces FDR
George Marshall, Dwight Eisenhower, Chester Nimitz
Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt urging what?
The letter told FDR about Germany's development of an atomic bomb that if succeeded, would allow Hitler to take over the world.
There was one glaring exception to America's relatively good civil right's policy during WWll. What was it?
Who was the leading scientist of the Manhattan Project?
Robert J. Oppenheimer
The Manhattan Project moved from Manhattan to...?
Alamogordo, New Mexico
Japan finally surrendered in August of 1945 after the bombing of what two cities?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What top priority did Churchill and Roosevelt agree to the beginning of the war?
Get Hitler first
What were the Kamikazes?
They were japanese people who drove planes and committed suicide while crashing into our American ships with the hope of causing major destruction and a fault in our demeanor
This man launched many full scale incendiary bombardment raids on Japanese industrial cities in 1945?
In a sense, FDR was the forgotten man at the 1944 Democratic Convention. Why?
Everyone was focused on who would be the vice president.
Why were the Japanese so slow to surrender?
The fear of losing their emperor
Why did Japan lose the war?
Japan was overextended (too small to try to get countries like China)
They failed to conserve manpower (by the end of the world, Japan is lacking many pilots. At the end they were committing suicide. They sent men into Kamikaze airplanes to go and hit ships, this was very effective in causing damage)
No natural resources
USA had very effective submarines (we had sonar detectors and they had almost no ships left)
USA had Japanese code
No strong, creative leadership in Japan
Which country was most eager for a "second front" to be established against Hitler in Europe?
Recommended textbook explanations
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Holt McDougal World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance
World History: Modern Times
Jackson J. Spielvogel
Modern World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
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