27 terms

Geography of Africa

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Sahara Desert
the world's largest hot desert, in North Africa
Sahel
transition zone south of the Sahara that separates the desert from tropical rainforests
savanna
environmental zone of flat grassland and scattered trees
tropical rainforest
environmental zone near the Equator with lots of rainfall and high temperatures
desertification
the spreading of deserts, when the soil loses its ability to hold water
deforestation
loss of forest from cutting down too many trees
Lake Victoria
the largest lake in Africa and 2nd largest lake in the world
equator
the line of zero degrees latitude, where the tropical rainforests are located
rivers
the physical feature that most Africans live and build cities near
Kalahari Desert
a desert in SOUTHERN Africa
Atlas Mountains
mountain range in northwest Africa
irrigation
artificially bringing water to a place without water (in order to grow crops)
Subsistence farming
farming only to survive (small farms that only grow what they need)
overgrazing
when animals graze (eat the grass) so heavily that the vegetation is damaged and the ground becomes at risk of erosion
unequal distribution of water
the problem of having plenty of water in some places and not enough in other places. This is an environmental issue in Africa, Southwest Asia, and Southeast Asia.
drought
a long period of time without rainfall
arid
extremely dry
DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Kenya
South Africa
Egypt
Sudan
South Sudan
Nigeria
Congo River
Niger River
Nile River

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