Religion Unit 3 Review
Terms in this set (44)
Acts of the Apostles
A book of the New Testament that tells about the early days of the Church; teaches us about the first years of the Church and its movement from Jerusalem to Rome; continuation of Luke's Gospel; it opens with Jesus' promise to send the Spirit.
This empire fell apart after being invaded by Germanic tribes; became the center for Christianity.
Meeting in which all Catholic bishops are invited to attend.
Council of Jerusalem
First ecumenical council; united and strengthened the Church;
Council of Nicea
In 325; solved the Arian heresy' dispute; confirmed Jesus' divinity with the Nicene Creed.
Council of Constantinople
In 381; solved the Arian heresy' dispute; confirmed Holy Spirit's divinity with the Nicene Creed
Council of Ephesus
In 431, solved the Nestorian heresy's dispute; confirmed that Jesus is one divine person and Mary is the Mother of God.
A heresy that convinced people that Jesus was not God.
A heresy that convinced people that Jesus was two persons.
A false teaching that rejects a truth that has been revealed by God and taught by the Church.
The switching to Christianity.
Monks practice this.
A split or division
An official Catholic court to examine, investigate, and punish those accused of a heresy.
The Great Schism
The separation between the Eastern and Western Church
Groups of people who lived like Christ, without food or money
Expeditions (holy wars) to regain the Holy Land.
Courageous leaders who explain the message of Jesus; Sts. Athanasius, Basil, Ambrose, and Augustine.
Men chosen to minister to the needs of the community; Latin meaning: "to serve"
Doctor of the Church
The gift of right judgement.
Missionaries who educated people and preached the Good News; guided the world through the Dark Ages; practices monasticism and lives alone in a hut.
Lead us to live in a close relationship with Jesus.
Letters in the Bible
Someone who sacrifices his or her life out of witness to Jesus.
Roman emperor who started Christian persecutions
Once was named Saul; journey throughout the Roman Empire proclaiming Christ as Savior; wrote epistles to instruct Christian communities.
First pope of the Church; first bishop of Rome
First martyr of the Church; was one of the first seven deacons.
Pope Gregory the Great
Led the Church through the Dark Ages; organized Rome; gave generously to the poor; negotiated peace; wrote letters to instruct Catholics; sent monks to evangelize the invaders and preach the Good News to all people.
St. Ignatius of Antioch
A successor of St. Peter; a convert to Christianity.
Crowned emperor by the pope in 800; protected the pope and the Church
Established a way of life that provided stability; started the Benedictine monks.
St. Francis of Assisi
Started a group called the Franciscans; helped the Church enlighten and guide the world
St. Augustine of Hippo
A Church Father; became the bishop of Hippo.
A Church Father; wrote rules for religious communities in the Near East.
Started a group called the Dominicans;
St. Gregory VII
Pope; Fought to end lay investiture; started the reform of the Church.
Arrested by Jewish leaders, but freed the next day and was told not to speak of Jesus ever again; they obeyed God and were arrested, but they were let out by angels.
Emperor who called a general meeting (ecumenical council) in Nicea; ended the Catholic persecutions.
Started by St. Francis of Assisi; were the first Mendicant Order.
Monks who seldom left their monasteries and lived in the cities.
A group of men who were given an appreciation for study of the Gospel and Catholic teaching; this group was started by St. Dominic.
St. Thomas Aquianas
A Dominican teacher who lived in the 13th century; went on to become one of the Church's greatest thinkers and writers.
St. Thomas Aquinas showed his brilliant work in this 21-volume work in which he explained Catholic beliefs.