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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (34)
is a grammatically independent group of words that serves as a unit of expression. Normally contains a stated subject, must contain predicate that consists of at least one word, a verb.
Is Go! a sentence?
Yes, has an unstated, but implied, subject and a verb.
Is a group of related words lacking a subject and/or a predicate(the part that says something about or directs the subject).
A phrase can be used as
A noun, adjective, adverb, or verb.
Phrases are classified as
prepositional, participial, gerund, infinitive, and verb phrases.
What are clauses?
Grammatical units containing a subject and a verb, either dependent or independent. Independent expresses the main thought of the sentence and can stand alone as a sentence (she laughed.). A dependent clause expresses an idea that is less important that the idea expressed in the main clause and cannot stand alone as a sentence(as she was laughing...).
provides information that is necessary to identify specifically what is being described.
provides information that is incidental to the meaning of the sentence.
a word or phrase used to assert an action or state of being
shows whether the subject performs an action (active voice) or receives it (passive voice). Active-the consultant wrote a proposal. Passive- the proposal was written by the consultant.
She takes, she took, she will take
Active voice examples
she is taken, she was taken, she will be
passive voice examples
present, past, future
shows whether an action is fact (indicative mood), possibility, supposition, (subjunctive mood), or a command (imperative mood).
I insist that he go to the ball game.
They are going to the ball game.
Subjunctive mood is also used to express a
condition contrary to fact. Ex: I wish I were president.
Transitive verbs require
direct objects to complete their meaning. Ex: the baseball player signed the autographs.
Intransitive verbs do not require
direct objects to complete their meaning. Ex: the boat has docked.
are not action verbs, they express a state of being or existence. They connect the subject to a word or idea in the predicate.
Is the form of a verb that expresses action or existence without reference to person, number, or tense.
Is the form of a verb ending in _ing that is used as a noun. Also known as a verbal noun
Is a form of the verb used as an adjective. Forms end in _ed or _ing. EX. that candidate felt betrayed.
Is a work that names a person, place, thing, quality, idea, or action.
is a word that is used in place of a noun, most frequently to eliminate monotonous repetition of the noun. There are nine types of these.
9 types of Pronouns
Demonstrative, indefinite, interrogative, relative, personal, possessive, reflexive, intensive, verbs?
Adjective and adverb
A word that modifies a noun. Is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Is a word that refers to a noun and gives a definiteness or indefiniteness to the noun. Ex: a, an, and the.
A preposition is a word that connects a noun to some other word in the sentence.
Also known as a connective, is a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words.
Paragraph certain requirements
paragraph should have unity, completeness, coherence, and order.
Is the use of capital letters to place special emphasis on particular letters to set them off from lower-case letters.
is the use of periods, commas, semicolons, colons, question marks, exclamation points, dashes, apostrophes, brackets, parentheses, slashes, and quotation marks.
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