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Terms in this set (34)

Great Britain: first to mobilize all resources. Most women began working in the war and made up half of civil service positions. Government encouraged "dig for victory" to increase food production, but still saw food shortages and relied on food rationing by the end of the war. Government established ministries to control industries that could be useful to the war under a policy of "red tape." Ussr:Greatest land battles (great patriotic war). Only a limitated shift from earlier control - Stalin took over military and politics. Leningrad experienced 900 day siege (starvation). Factories were rapidly relocated East after German invasion from the West- produced most tanks and artillery. Women worked in factories and even in combat - snipers and aircrews. Peasants had to produce most food for army. Instead of fighting for communism, fought for "Mother Russia." United States: Home front not affected because physically not involved. Us became arsenal for the allies. Expansion of economy led to the end of the Great Depression. Federal bureaucracy grew dramatically- established War production board and War Labor Board. Many people had to be relocated because of new jobs involving the war. Very bad treatment of the Japanese. Germany: Hitler attempted to not mobilize resources and keep consumer good production high to keep citizens happy. Speer recommended mobilization of resources, but Hitler ignored him. Sudden rapid mobilization was too late and too little. Women were not encouraged to work until very end of war- but still did not see big increase in labor. Japan: Code of bushido (samurai) kept all citizens loyal to the government. Suicide missions (kamikaze) were used to bomb US ships. Tojo (the general) was against womens' rights and did not increase female employment. Instead used Korean and Chinese labor.