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47 terms

Skeletal System (Medical Terms)

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acroarthritis
inflammation of the joints of the hands or feet
ankylosis
abnormal condition of stiffening of a joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
calcaneal
pertaining to the heel bone
chondral
pertaining to cartilage
coccygodynia
pain in the coccyx
costal
pertaining to rib
craniectomy
surgical excision of a portion of the skull
dactylic
pertaining to finger or toe
osteotome
surgical instrument used for cutting bone
intercostal
pertaining to between two ribs
ischialgia
pain in the hip
lumbar
pertaining to the loins
myeloma
tumor of the bone marrow
osteoarthritis
inflammation of the bone and joint
osteomyelitis
inflammation of the bone marrow
osteopenia
deficiency of bone tissue
pedal
pertaining to the foot
xiphoid
literally means resembling a sword
arthroscope
surgical instrument used to examine the interior of a joint
carpal tunnel syndrome
abnormal condition caused by compression of the median nerve by the carpal ligament
fixation
making rigid, immobilizing
gout
hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis
hammertoe
an acquired flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint
kyphosis
normal thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated, "humpback"
metacarpal
pertaining to the bones in the hand
rickets
abnormal condition that can occur in children and is caused by vitamin D deficiency
tennis elbow
chronic conditon of elbow pain due to excessive pronation and supination of forearm
ulnar
pertaining to the elbow
congenital dislocation of hip
CDH
degenerative joint disease
DJD
long leg cast
LLC
osteoarthritis
OA
pulsing electromagnetic fields
PEMFS
rheumatoid arthritis
RA
single photon emission computed tomography
SPECT
first thoracic vertebrae
T1
temperomandibular joint
TMJ
traction
Tx
six main functions of bones
framework, protection, storage of minerals, formation of blood cells, provide attachment areas, articulation to allow movement
epiphysis
ends of developing bone
diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
periosteum
membrane that forms the covering
compact bone
dense, hard layer of bone tissue
medullary canal
narrow space in diaphysis
endosteum
touch conn. tissue lining medullary canal
cancellous or spongy bone
reticular tissue that makes up most of the volume of bone