12 terms

product

The answer to a multiplication problem.

factor

One of the numbers being multiplied in a multiplication problem.

dividend

The number being divided up.

divisor

What you are dividing by.

quotient

The answer to a divison problem

remainder

What's left over in a division problem.

sum

The answer to an addition problem

addend

One of the numbers being added in an addition problem.

difference

The answer to a subtraction problem

median

The middle number in an ordered set of numbers.

mode

The number that occurs the most often in a set of numbers.

range

The difference between the greatest and least number in a set of numbers.