a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
the historical period that shapes a work of literature and allows the reader to understand important issues in a given time period
a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
a nineteenth-century movement in the Romantic tradition, which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition, which transcends reason and sensory experience.
characterized by gloom and mystery and the grotesque; gothic novels include Frankenstein
an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances
Occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
Coming of Age
A type of novel where the protagonist is initiated into adulthood through knowledge, experience, or both, often by a process of disillusionment. Understanding comes after the dropping of preconceptions, a destruction of a false sense of security, or in some way the loss of innocence.
The widespread belief that the United States is a land of opportunity and that individual initiative and hard work can bring economic success.
the sequence of events in a story and it is generally built around a conflict, and it tells what happens, when, and to whom. it usually includes four stages, exposition, rising action, climax, falling action.
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
an essay that describes a person, place or event from one's own personal experiences
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
practices typical of contemporary life or thought
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Stream of Consciousness
a literary genre that reveals a character's thoughts and feeling as they develop by means of a long soliloquy
language that appeals to the senses
the principal character in a work of fiction
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
a struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character
a problem or struggle between a character and someone or something outside of the character
a traditional story accepted as history
the original research or document on a topic
Text and/or artifacts used when researching that are derived from something original.
arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted
The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
the intended reader of a piece
a literary work in the form of a conversation; words exchanged between two or more characters
feeling, expressing, or demonstrating strong dislike or utter lack of respect for somebody or something
true to one's own personality, spirit, or character; not false; everything one says, he or she does and actually believes
a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be
(especially of a time or place) like an idyll; extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque
a conclusion based on evidence
to destroy, eliminate or put an end to
complete intolerance toward those who are or hold different opinions from oneself
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
(...) an indication by a series of three periods that some material has been omitted (taken out) from a text.
the presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause or paragraph
a story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point
a discussion on a topic
writing whose purpose is to instruct or teach.
the re-creation of regional spoken language, such as from the American South
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style as well as meaning
the repetition of initial consonant sounds such as "Peter Piper picked pennies..."
the process of moving from a general rule to a specific example
the literal meaning or dictionary meaning of a word
grimly mocking; cynical; negative humor (this word is ideal for describing tone)
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
Refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images
extremely patriotic; nationalistic
exhibiting strong animosity as a result of pain or grief; angry, hurt or resentful because of one's negative experiences or a sense of unjust treatment
provides support for the body and connects its parts.
a severe test or trial
An overthrow and replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
when a speaker poses a question and then answers it
(adj.) harshly abusive, severely scolding
(adj) joking, humorous, esp. inappropriately; not serious, concerned with frivolous things
(adj.) expressing admiration or praise
(adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort
(adj.) originating in a region (Some fear that these plants, which are not indigenous to the region, may choke out the vegetation that is native to the area.)
pleasant, harmonious sound
(n) harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds
(adj.) characteristic of informal conversation
A humorous play on words
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
tendency to be easily duped or overly innocent
A polite or vague word or phrase used to replace another word or phrase that is thought of as too direct or rude.
any recurring element that has symbolic significance in the story.
Not influenced by personal prejudice; unbiased
treating with contempt or ridicule; jeering; scoffing; describes a tone that ridicules, teases of makes fun of
feeling or expressing contempt or derision; expressing disdain; despising or dishonoring a person or object
A work that reveals a critical attitude toward some element of human behavior by portraying it in an extreme way. It doesn't simply abuse (as in invective) or get personal (as in sarcasm). It targets groups or large concepts rather than individuals.
inspired by love for your country
Mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone.
Feeling or expressing very deep respect and awe
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
A feeling of weakness
(adj.) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
sad; gloomy; excessively mournful
Incite, instigate, stir up, promote the growth of; To stir up; To promote trouble or rebellion
The art of using language effectively and persuasively
Longing and yearning, tinged with melancholy (long-lasting sadness) and pensiveness; yearning; sad longing; a gentle desire.
Brief, to the point
influence tactic that relies on the tendency people have to behave in a particular way because others are doing so; People view a behavior as correct if they see others performing it
Repeating a step-by-step procedure several times; also used to refer to single execution of that repetitive procedure.
The industry made up of organizations offering guests food, drink and lodging services, alone or in combination (expanded definition includes theme parks, gaming, cruise lines, conventions/trade shows, fairs, and meeting planning:
Able to be passed easily from one person to another; spread from one person or organism to another by direct or indirect contact
The transfer or spread of information throughout a group of people.
The process of putting specific policies into operation; the process of putting a decision or plan into effect
new business activity or project that involves risk
Just as a herd of cows will stamped, so can people come under control; influence of peers to buy certain products or follow trends
a measure of a person's power and influence within a defined social group; the value one receives from the information he or she shares. One of Berger's STEPPS
stimuli that prompt people to think about related ideas, objects or products. One of Berger's STEPPS.
A strong feeling; A multifaceted experience that is connected to thought, physiology, and behavior. One of Berger's STEPPS.
contagious content that is useful and brings value to customers. One of Berger's STEPPS.
According to Jonah Berger, people don't simply share information, they tell stories. One of Berger's STEPPS.
American Literature Vocabulary
First Quarter80 terms