AP GOV chapter 11 vocabulary
Terms in this set (19)
d. The people who are already in office
s. they are usually the winners in congressional elections, so they have an advantage over those who run against them.
d. the activities that members of congress do to help their consituency on an individual level, like social security or welfare issues.
s. doing their voters favors helps them win their vote in the next election, and build a positive image
d. projects, grants, or contracts available to state and local institutions, governemnts, businesses, universities ect.
s. congressmen try to get these for their district so they can claim credit for improving their district, to win their voter's favors.
d. the legistlature in two houses, not one.
s. this makes for the house and senate because of the compromise between the virginia and new jersey plans.
house rule committee
d. this is the committee in the House of Representatives that goes over incoming bills from a house committee before they go to the Full house
s. they winnow and whittle down bills for consideration, separate the more popular and important ones
d. when a senator uses unlimited debate to prevent the senate from voting on a bill.
s. this blocks the bill from passage, and shows the senator's constituency that they care about the effects of the bill. 60 votes are needed to stop it, and not many people use it because they don't want it used against them.
Speaker of the house
d. the leader of the house of representatives, chosen by the majority party. they are second in line to take up a vacant presidency.
s. they have formal and informal powers, like watching over the house in session, making comittee assignments, assigning bills
a form of organization.
d. the party's manager in the senate, like the speaker of the house.
s. they are also another means of organization, because they schedule bills, influence committee assignments, and rounding up votes for the party's legislative decisions.
d. the party leaders who work with the majority or minority leader
s. they get the party in line, count votes and persuade for other's votes to pass a bill favored by their party.
d. the leader of the minority party in the house and senate
s. they give the minority party organization, and they can work with the majority leader to get favors for their party.
d. committees that are usually permanent, and handle seperate matters in both houses of congress
s. they handle bills in different policy areas, a form of organization and efficient way to sort bills.
d. committees where membership comes from both houses of congress
s. they work together on bills to get views mainly on economy and taxation, and work things out together
d. committee when the house and senate pass a bill in different forms.
s. this committee helps both the house and senate iron out issues and submit it as a single bill
d. committees made for one purpose, such as investigation
s. like watergate, they find things out to inform.
d. when congress monitors bureaucracies and their politics, which is performed through hearings
s. keeps government agencies in check and sort our their issues
d. the important people who influence congressional agendas.
s. their influence comes from scheduling hearings, hiring staff, making subcommittees, and managing bills before they go into the full house.
d. the rule that is used for picking committee chairs--the longest serving congressman was chosen.
s. however this rule is a general rule now, coupled with selection based on merit, so there isn't incompetency
d. a group of congressmen who share the same interests.
s. they can be made of memebers across party and house lines, and they influence politics on each other from inside the government
d. a written, proposted law
s. they are submitted by congressmen for consideration, to be made a law.