history top hat questions-test 3
Terms in this set (49)
Which of the following contributed in large part to the escalation of tension between Britain and Germany after 1900?
Germany's decision to dramatically expand its naval forces
What did Serbia and Russia have in common that made them allies?
Both countries were Slavic.
Which of the following was a result of the first and second Balkan wars?
The Ottoman Empire suffered major territorial losses.
Germany's initial offensive was stopped on the outskirts of Paris at what battle?
he Battle of the Marne
What happened at the Battle of Tannenberg and the Battle of the Masurian Lakes that would result in far-reaching consequences?
Russia suffered staggering losses
The colonial troops who served in World War I took which of the following home with them?
The idea of nationalism
At the end of the war, how were women in Britain, Germany, and Austria rewarded for their war efforts
They were given the right to vote
What group gained prestige from its participation in the total-war effort?
Which of the following was true of the mandates system in the League of Nations?
It showed that the Europeans were committed to maintaining the imperial system
The tsar abdicated following a bread march in Petrograd held predominately by whom?
For Asians, what was the most important aspect of President Wilson's Fourteen Points?
Educated Asians were particularly interested in Wilson's idea of national self-determination.
Which of the following appeared to be an immediate consequence of Arab cooperation with the British in World War I?
Western imperialism took the place of Turkish rule in the Middle East.
Kemal declared that Turkish law was going to be based on which of the following?
European secular law
Why were the reforms of Reza Shah Pahlavi less successful than those of Kemal?
There were too few European-educated elites in Persia to carry out secular changes
Why did Palestine become the destination of most Jewish immigrants after 1921?
The United States placed severe limits on immigration from eastern Europe.
Which of the following is a loose translation of satyagraha?
In 1931 Gandhi and tens of thousands of Indians were beaten and jailed for what reason?
They were involved in a massive resistance campaign against the tax on salt.
Who was the May Fourth Movement directed against?
Warlords and imperialists
Above all else, what did the Japanese ultranationalists support?
What was the goal of the Truman Doctrine?
To contain communism to areas already occupied by the Soviet army
How did the United Nations differ from the earlier League of Nations?
The United Nations had a more ambitious role to play
Why was India split into two separate independent nations, India and Pakistan, in 1947?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League insisted on the creation of an independent Muslim state.
In 1947, what happened when the United Nations proposed partitioning Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states?
What characterized the Mexican constitution of 1917?
It was radically nationalistic and called for universal suffrage
What factor led Ghana to become the first sub-Saharan African colonial states to achieve independence?
Revolution in Ghana was organized by a capable and charismatic leader
What happened when the leaders of the Czechoslovakian reform movement of 1968 gained a majority and replaced a long-time Stalinist leader with Alexander Dubèek, whose new government launched dramatic reforms
Military troops from Russian and eastern Europe occupied Czechoslovakia
What was Nikita Khrushchev's "secret speech" in 1956?
A condemnation of the crimes of Stalin
Which of the following resulted after Gamal Abdel Nasser ordered the Egyptian army to take control of the Suez Canal in 1956?
The United States, fearing a Soviet-Egyptian alliance, negotiated a cease-fire granting Egypt control of the canal.
When and why did the Great Depression start?
It began in 1929 when the U.S. stock market crashed.
Stalin's five-year plans were designed to be what kind of a revolution?
A revolution from above
What enabled the OPEC cartel to control the price of oil in 1973?
America's support for Israel in the Yom Kippur War
Which of the following characterized Nazi culture under Hitler?
It was anti-intellectual.
President Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration was established to do which of the following?
Solve the problem of unemployment
How did the neoliberalism of the 1980s change the world economy?
Neoliberalism increased the influence of free-market political ideals in the global economy.
What characterized Mussolini's policies for women?
He favored a return to traditional roles and encouraged women to have many children.
What characterized the global economy in the 1970s and 1980s
Stagflation and boom/bust cycles
The 1995 assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
illustrated the divisions within Israeli society over the issue of peace with the Palestinians.
What characterized American policy toward Latin America in the decades following the Cuban Revolution in 1959?
The United States adopted a "new Marshall Plan" for Latin American nations.
How was apartheid ended in South Africa?
Through dialogue forced by international pressure
In the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square massacre, Deng and his government
reaffirmed economic liberalization but suppressed calls for political liberalization.
Which of the following describes China's economic situation in the 1990s?
China's policies coupled economic freedom with political repression.
What was Jimmy Carter's reaction to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
He was alarmed and détente stalled.
What was an important component of Deng Xiaoping's agricultural policies?
Allowing peasants to farm in small family units
Stalin ordered what group to be obliterated as a class?
The British were willing to "appease" Hitler because they thought who was a bigger threat to Europe's stability?
During the war, Japan claimed that it was freeing Asians from which of the following?
What were the effects of the American occupation of Japan
Japan became an economic power and a strong American ally.
which of the following allowed Lenin and the Reds to win the Russian Civil war
the whites failed to create a unified agenda
By 1950, 75 percent of Soviet doctors were what