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99 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 10 Musculoskeletal System

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ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr/o
joint
burs/o
bursa
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
cervic/o
neck
chondr/o
cartilage
clavicul/o
clavicle
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
dactyl/o
digits (fingers and toes)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o
fibula (lower leg bone)
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o
ilium (flared portion of hip bone)
ischi/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
kyph/o
hill, mountain
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback
lumb/o
loins, lower back
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
muscul/o, my/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
ped/o, ped/i
child; foot
pelv/i
pelvis
phalang/o
phalanges (finger, toe bones)
pod/o
foot
pub/o
pubis (pelvis bone)
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone); radiation, x-ray
rhabdomy/o
striated muscle
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder blade)
scoli/o
crooked, bent
spondyl/o
vertebra (disorders)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
synov/o
synovium, synovial fluid
tars/o
tarsals (ankle bones)
tendin/o, tend/o, ten/o
tendon
thorac/o
chest
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uln/o
ulna (lower arm bone)
vertebr/o
vertebra (structure)
-asthenia
weakness
-blast
embryonic cell
-cele
hernia
-clasia, clasis
to break; surgical fracture
-desis
blinding, fixation of a bone or joint
-ism
condition
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-physis
growth
-poiesis
formation, production
-porosis
porous
-scopy
visual examination
inter-
between
supra-
above; excessive; superior
syn-
together
ACL
anterior cruciate ligament
AE
above the elbow
AK
above the knee
BE
barium enema; below the elbow
BK
below the knee
C1, C2, and so on
first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on
Ca
calcium; cancer
CDH
congenital dislocation of the hip
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
CT
computed tomography
DEXA, DXA
dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
DJD
degenerative joint disease
EMG
electromyography
Fx
fracture
MG
myasthenia gravis
HD
hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance
HNP
herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)
HP
hemipelvectomy
IS
intracostal space
IM
intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis
IV
intravenous
KD
knee disarticulation
L1, L2, and so on
first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on
LS
lumbarsacral spine
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MS
musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mental status; mitral stenosis
NSAIDs
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
ORTH, ortho
orthopedics
P
phosphorus; pulse
PCL
posterior cruciate ligament
RA
rheumatoid arthritis; right atrium
RF
rheumatoid factor; radio frequency
ROM
range of motion
SD
shoulder disarticulation
THA
total hip arthroplasty
THR
total hip replacement
TKA
total knee arthroplasty
TKR
total knee replacement
TRAM
transverse rectus abdominis muscle