History and Society: Quiz 3 Top Hat
Terms in this set (46)
1929 when the U.S. stock market crashed
When and why did the Great Depression start?
Solve the problem of unemployment
President Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration was established to do which of the following?
Revolution from above
Stalin's five-year plans were designed to be what kind of a revolution?
Stalin ordered what group to be obliterated as a class?
By 1950, 75 percent of all Soviet doctors were what?
Favored a return to traditional roles and encouraged women to have many children
What characterized Mussolini's policies for women?
It was anti-intellectual
Which of the following characterized Nazi culture under Hitler?
The British were willing to "appease" Hitler because they thought who was a bigger threat to Europe's stability?
During the war, Japan claimed that it was freeing Asians from which of the following?
Educated Asians were particularly interested in Wilson's idea of national self-determination
For Asians, what was the most important aspect of President Wilson's Fourteen Points?
It showed Europeans were committed to maintaining the imperial system
Which of the following was true of the mandates system in the League of Nations?
Western imperialism took the place of Turkish rule in the Middle East
Which of the following appeared to be an immediate consequence of Arab cooperation with the British in World War I?
European secular law
Kemal declared that Turkish law was going to be based on which of the following?
There were too few European-educated elites in Persia to carry out secular changes
Why were the reforms of Reza Shah Pahlavi less successful than those of Kemal?
The United States placed severe limits on immigration from eastern Europe
Why did Palestine become the destination of most Jewish immigrants after 1921?
Which of the following is a loose translation of "satyagraha"?
Invovled a massive resistance campaign against the tax on salt
In 1931 Gandhi and tens of thousands of Indians were beaten and jailed for what reason?
Warlords and imperialists
Who was the May Fourth Movement directed against?
Above all else, what did the Japanese ultranationalists support?
Germany's decision to dramatically expand its naval forces
Which of the following contributed in large part to the escalation of tension between Britain and Germany after 1900?
Both countries were Slavic
What did Serbia and Russia have in common that made them allies?
The Ottoman Empire suffered major territorial losses
Which of the following was a result of the first and second Balkan wars?
The Battle of the Marne
Germany's initial offensive was stopped on the outskirts of Paris at what battle?
Russia suffered staggering losses
What happened at the Battle of Tannenberg and the Battle of the Masurian Lakes that would result in far-reaching consequences?
The idea of nationalism
The colonial troops who served in World War I took which of the following home with them?
What group gained prestige from its participation in the total-war effort?
They were given the right to vote
At the end of the war, how were women in Britain, Germany, and Austria rewarded for their war efforts?
The tsar abdicated following a bread march in Petrograd held predominately by whom?
The Whites failed to create a unified agenda
Which of the following allowed Lenin and the Reds to win the Russian civil war?
affirmed economic liberalization but suppressed calls for political liberalization
In the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square massacre, Deng and his government
The United States adopted a "new Marshall Plan" for Latin American nations
What characterized American policy toward Latin America in the decades following the Cuban Revolution in 1959?
divided Israeli society over the issue of peace with the Palestinians
The 1995 assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
Stagflation and boom/bust cycles
What characterized the global economy in the 1970s and 1980s?
Through dialogue forced by international pressure
How was apartheid ended in South Africa?
Allowing peasants to farm in small family units
What was an important component of Deng Xiaoping's agricultural policies?
China's policies coupled economic freedom with political repression
Which of the following describes China's economic situation in the 1990s?
He was alarmed and détente stalled
What was Jimmy Carter's reaction to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
contain communism to areas already occupied by the Soviet army
What was the goal of the Truman Doctrine?
The United Nations had a more ambitious role to play
How did the United Nations differ from the earlier League of Nations?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League insisted on the creation of an independent Muslim state
Why was India split into two separate independent nations, India and Pakistan, in 1947?
The United States, fearing a Soviet-Egyptian alliance, negotiated a cease-fire granting Egypt control of the canal
Which of the following resulted after Gamal Abdel Nasser ordered the Egyptian army to take control of the Suez Canal in 1956?
Japan became an economic power and a strong American ally
What were the effects of the American occupation of Japan?
It was radically nationalistic and called for universal suffrage
What characterized the Mexican constitution of 1917?
Revolution in Ghana was organized by a capable and charismatic leader
What factor led Ghana to become the first sub-Saharan African colonial states to achieve independence?
Military troops from Russia and eastern Europe occupied Czechoslovakia
What happened when the leaders of the Czechoslovakian reform movement of 1968 gained a majority and replaced a long-time Stalinist leader with Alexander Dubèek, whose new government launched dramatic reforms?
A condemnation of the crimes of Stalin
What was Nikita Khrushchev's "secret speech" in 1956?