Terms in this set (87)
When is the baroque era?
Era with music that has elaboration, heavy accompaniment, feelings of pomp
What is the dominant texture of the baroque era?
Sudden and abrupt changes in volume, adding and subtracting groups of musicians
Keyboard instrument played at home
Keyboard instrument played in church
What era did the recorder gain great popularity?
What instrument is the continuo?
Dramatic, theatrical production telling a story through singing; uses sets,scenery,costumes; based off mythology
Words to an opera
Long composition for singers and story's telling a religious story; based on old testamnet
Independent part of a larger work
Particular type of oratorio that portrays the suffering and death of Christ, some are banned during lent
Shorter composition for singers that reinforce the teachings from the church service
Last movement of a cantata where all sing
Long expressive songs used to convey emotional and beautiful singing, melismatic, much repetition, thick accompaniment
Sung conversation or dialogue, gives information about the story
Blockbuster part of productions
Instrumental introduction to another work such as an oper, oratorio etc
Instrumental music based on dance music but intended for listening
Orchestra or keyboard
What are suites written for?
Polyphonic work written for keyboard instruments, contains subject and countersubjects
Most popular type of fugue
Main musical idea
Musical idea that fits against the subject
Multi movement work written for one solo instrument with accompaniment, type of chamber music
Work for one solo instrument with orchestral accompaniment
Fast slow fast
Tempo pattern of a concerto
Fast slow dance fast
Tempo pattern of a sonata
Work written for group of solo instruments with orchestra accompaniment
The string section in a concerto grosso
Smaller solo group of 2-5 instuments in concerto grosso
What instrument is the continuo?
How many movements were in a concerto grosso?
Musical marking for all instuments playing
Aka red priest
Composed four seasons
Humble man wrote no opera, composed and set standard for keyboard intuments
Master of polyphony, master of pipe organ, master of fugue, not world famous during lifetime
Best known for oratorio messiah, composed water music for king George,world famous during lifetime
What years were the classical period?
What is the musical capital of the world during the classical period?
Stresses balance,order,harmony, simplicity, emotion controlled within form, intellectual approach
Practice by which composers were hired by individuals to compose for them
In the classical era what is the most popular keyboard instrument?
Leading composer for opera
Speed of the music
Latin text of unreal mass parts set to music for chorus, olosits and orchestra
Improvised, unaccompanied portion in concerto, solo within The solo
Lengthy composition written for full orchestra and composed in sonata form
What is the most popular form of the classical period?
What is the most popular chamber music ensemble?
Consisted of 1st violin,2nd violin, viola and cello
Father of the symphony, father of the string quartet, first true classical composer,
Spent most of his life working for prince esterhazy, taught Beethoven and mozart
Child prodigy, wrote extended works with little revision, wrote over 600 works
Died before completing his requiem, known for operas like don Giovanni, died at age 35
Ludwig van beethoven
Wrote 9 symphonies., bridges the gap between classical and romantic music
Ludwig van beethoven
As a child performed for Mozart, introduced the concert overture, wrote moonlight sonata and fur elise
Individual concert piece in a single movement without reference to stage performance and generally based on a literary theme
Symphony no 9
First symphony to include chorus and vocal soloists
Music for 2-8 players intended for smaller rooms of the palace
When was the romantic era?
Emphasis on emotion, individualism, personal expression, virtuosity of the performer, nationalism
Where is music located in romantic era?
Process of creating original ideas of harmony,melody and rhythm
Assigning of ideas to instruments and sections of the orchestra
Music with no story or mood associated with the title
Instrumental music which tells s story or suggests a mood through the title
Perfected the art song, erlking
Musical setting of a poem for solo voice and piano
What is the German word for song?
Music critic, jumpstarted brahms career
Rediscovered the music of Bach
Known for brilliant, virtuoso piano music, established piano as solo instrument
Hungarian, produced the symphonic poem
Single movement orchestral work that creates a mood based on a novel or lamdscape
What are symphonic poems aka?
Known for Italian operas,retired at height of career, William tell overture
Italian opera composer, aka the man
Wrote long and powerful German operas,developed music drama, developed leitmotif
Musical theme to identify person, place or thing
French composer known for unconventional orchestration methods, composed symphonie fantasique
French composer of Carmen opera
Aka waltz king,wrote dance music
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