Creating the Constitution Study Guide
Terms in this set (34)
When stating the rules under which a government will operate; will minimize the powers of the state
Who can vote in 1787?
White man, 21 years or older, and owns a certain amount of property
Bill of Rights
protects the rights of individuals
What state includes the first Bill of Rights in their Constitution
Articles of Confederation
needed a form of government
government plan for the new nation
What had to happen in order for states to ratify?
March 1, 1781
When adopted by Congress?
Ratified by states?
for bigger states to drop their land claims
Powers given to states?
Regulate trade and were in charge of taxes, could enforce the law
Powers of federal government?
deal with foreign nations (diplomacy), deal with Native Americans outside the 13 states, make laws, but could not inforce them, declare war, coin or borrow money, run postal service
Land Ordinance of 1785
system to divide public lands into townships, used a 6 miles by 6 miles grid system, within each grid their was a 1 mile by 1 mile grid system, at least $1 per acre
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
guarantees basic rights for settlers of the Ohio river
Problems with Articels of Confederation
each state had a different currency
a rebellion lead by Shay, farmers are angry because of taxes
The Constitutional Convention
created to revise the articles, secret meeting so the delegates could speak freely, 55 delegates from 12 states, because Rhode Island does not send anyone, held in Philadelphia, May 1787
elected president of the convention
his nickname was father of the constitution, took notes, wrote the Virginia plan and the Bill of Rights
presented the Virginia Plan, governor of Virginia refused to sign the Constitution because there was not a Bill of Rights
Delegate from Connecticut, said' "The people should have as little to do with the selection process as possible"
Delegate from Pennsylvania, election of the legislature by the people was, "not only the cornerstone, but the foundation of the fabric"
The New Jersey Plan
calls for a single house of congress with an equal amount of representation from each state, allows congress to tax and regulate trade, equal amount of representatives from each state
The Great Compromise
two house congress, lower house was based on the population, upper house had equal amount of representatives (2 per a state), presented by Roger Sherman
The Three-Fifths Compromise
an enslaved person counts as three-fifths of a person
writes the preamble to the knew constitution
signing the constitution
signed on September 17, 1787, 39 people signed it, 3 people at it did not sign the constitution
Goal of the Bill of Rights
to protect people from abuses by the Federal government
George Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights influenced the Bill of Rights, refused to sign the Constitution because there was not a Bill of Rights
refused to sign the Constitution because there was not a Bill of Rights
Ratification of the Constitution
ratified by 9 of the 13 states
supported the constitution because they supported a strong Federal cause
85 newspaper essays in support of the Constitution written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
opponents of the Constitution, said that the president can easily become king
elected vice president, ambassador to England during the constitutional convention