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the church: chapter seven
Terms in this set (55)
in what three ways is the church apostolic?
1. the church was built on the "foundation of the apostles"
2. with the help of the holy spirit, the church preserves and hands on teaching of the apostles and their successors
3. the church continues to be taught, made holy, and led by the apostles through their successors who are the college of bishops, assisted by priests, in union with the pope
why else is the church apostolic?
she is in communion with the life and faith of the apostles, as well as their mission to spread the good news to all the world
describe how jesus joined the apostles to the mission the father had sent him to carry out
jesus commissioned his apostles: "as the father has sent me, so I send you." jesus relied on the power of his father and the apostles relied on the power and authority jesus gave them to serve in his name and act in his person
define apostolic succession. why is it necessary?
passing on of authority to teach and interpret the scriptures and tradition. it's necessary because it's the source of unity in the church, ensuring the handing on the truths christ taught
how is faith both personal and ecclesial?
faith is a personal act, "the free response of the human person to the initiative of god." it's also ecclesial (relating to the church), in that it's source is the church, who teaches each one of us and supports our faith
what is a bishop?
a priest who receives the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders to become a successor of the apostles and who is therefore responsible for the apostolic tradition
what specific authority did jesus give peter as the head of the apostles?
the keys to the kingdom of god, meaning whatever he does on earth will be done in heaven. the power of the keys confers special authority to govern the church
what is a vocation that every member of the church shares?
to extend the kingdom of christ to the entire world
why is christ the source of the apostolate?
because our ability to spread the good news hinges on our relationship with christ. anyone who wants to engage in the apostolate must be in union with christ through participation in the eucharist
why is the church indestructible?
since she was formed by god to perform his will on earth
how did the apostles feel when jesus sent them on their mission?
obliged to do so
comes from the greek word apostolos which means "one who is sent"
why did jesus come into the world?
to fulfill the father's will and mission for him, which was to bring forgiveness of sins and everlasting life
why were the apostles sent forth by jesus?
to continue the father's will on earth, just as the father sent christ
the great authorities jesus gave the apostles
1. proclaiming the kingdom of heaven
2. healing the sick and casting out evil spirits
3. rising the dead
4. forgiving sins in jesus' name
how could the apostles do all of the great authorities that jesus gave them?
only through the power of christ
what did the twelve apostles do after jesus' ascension?
they—having peter as their head and spokeman—led this new church in jerusalem and had authority over other new churches
what did the apostles do in matter of the church?
they made all the final decisions. for example, if church members had to be circumcised with the jewish law. these decisions showed the leadership and power they had
what did jesus command the apostles to spread?
the teachings they heard from christ to all people and all nations throughout the world which makes the teachings passed from generations in word and deed
sacred tradition (latin: tradere, means "to hand on")
refers to the passing on of the gospel message beginning with oral communication, then the writing of the oral tradition down and forming the scripture, to being interpreted by the church's hierarchy through the holy spirits guidance
who did the apostles choose when they were coming to the end of their lives?
successors who were bishops
what is it important to remember about faith?
that it's not something we are born with but something we receive from others such as the church
what is the church the source of?
what are we called to pass?
the faith on to others so they can do the same
the two ways the apostles passed on the gospel message to others
1. orally (through preaching)
2. in writing (through the guidance of the holy spirit, the apostles and their associates wrote down the teachings of christ)
why doesn't the church just use scripture as sole authority, but uses scripture and tradition?
tradition teaches us some elements that aren't found in scripture alone such as: books that should be regarded as sacred scripture, the use of the word trinity, an the to answer questions such as technology
the official teaching authority of the church that gives voice to sacred tradition, and is made up of the pope and the bishops united to the pope
what does sacred scripture and tradition make up?
the deposit of faith or deposit of the word of god
why don't tradition and scripture contradict one another?
because they help better understand one another
the sacrament of holy orders
the sacrament by which members of the church are ordained for permanent ministry in the church as bishops, priests, or deacons
why is the sacrament of holy orders essential?
because jesus gave authority to his apostles through the gifts of the holy spirit, breathing on them (ruah) and giving them his own threefold mission
how did the apostles pass on the gifts of the holy spirit?
through the laying on of hands, an essential part of the sacrament of holy orders
what do bishops receive? what were they once known as in the early church?
the fullness of the gifts of the holy spirit, and were known as high priests
of or relating to the bishops
what does the episcopal consecration allow bishops to do?
sanctify, teach, and rule, just as the apostles did
when was the process of laying on of hands done?
at the beginning of the church
what of those who didn't receive holy orders, and weren't bishops (priests and deacons)?
they don't have the authority of the bishops or are the successors of the apostles. only those ordained bishops can say such
what are the office of the apostles and the office of peter continued in?
office of the apostles: the office of bishops
office of peter: the role of the pope as head of the bishops
the bishop of rome who is the source/foundation of the unity of the church. also known as the vicar of christ and pastor of the global church
who has no authority without the pope?
the bishops meaning they can't veto him or act outside of him
what is in communion with the pope?
the college of bishops
an activity that fulfills the church's apostolic nature, which is to serve as modern day apostles ("ones sent out to extend christ's reign to the world)
why are there different kinds of apostolates?
because one can find many ways to extend christ's reign throughout the world
lay persons (the laity)
refers to all members of the church except those who are ordained or in the consecrated life
what is the essential nature of the apostolate?
love since we are sometimes called to either love or not love throughout daily life
how are we called to the apostolate?
in different ways depending on what we'll do with our current position in life to help spread the message of christ to all people around
where do we find the fullness of revelation?
in sacred scripture and sacred tradition and also expressed in the deposit of faith
what are the main jobs of the bishops, priests, and deacon?
bishops: to oversee the church and to teach
priests: to sacrifice and to preach
deacon: to serve the community and to proclaim the gospel
what was the criteria for the early churches to determine when books (from the new testament) are inspired?
1. had to agree with the rest of scripture
2. had to agree with what everyone already believed about jesus
3. had to be written by an apostle or by an apostle's close associate
4. had to be used in the liturgical celebration of various christian communities
three stages of gospel development
1. the life stage of jesus
2. the oral stage
3. the written stage
canon of heaven or scripture
the official list of all the inspired books in the bible (46 old and 27 new)
what did jesus say to peter in matthew chapter sixteen?
"you are the rock. on this rock i will build my church. the gates of hell will not prevail against the church. i'll give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. whatever you bind on earth will bind in heaven. whatever you lost on earth will be lost in heaven"
john baptist de la salle
a young priest bothered by the fact that only rich families were educated in france. he developed an educational system teaching the christian doctrine. followed christ and ministered to its children
what's the objective and subjective part of the catholic faith?
objective: god's revelation
subjective: how we respond to god's revelation
saint peter the apostle
the rock on whom christ built the church. he made many missionary visits to spread the good news