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Terms in this set (98)
Classic heart attack symptoms are less likely to appear in
Which of the following are types of blood vessels?
discrete episodes with no symptoms in between
mild persistent asthma
symptoms a few times a week but not daily
daily symptoms that limit some normal activies
daily symptoms that place extreme limits on normal activities
Because it usually has no symptoms, hypertension is often called the
High triglyceride levels are associated with which of the following?
-excess body fat
Blood _______ refers to how hard blood pushes against the walls of the arteries.
Although the various chronic lung diseases have different causes and treatments, they are all characterized by
airway obstruction and shortness of breath
Long-term effects of diabetes include damage to
A _____ is a blood clot that forms in a narrowed artery.
Intermittent pain or heaviness in the chest, and often in the arm or shoulder, caused by the heart muscle not receiving enough blood is called
The leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease is _____ use
Which of the following are risk factors for type-2 diabetes?
The two components of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are
Which type of stroke accounts for 87% of all strokes?
During congestive heart failure, blood backs up in the
Which of the following are recommended lifestyle changes for controlling hypertension?
-moderating alcohol intake
-increasing physical activity
The arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle itself are call the _____ arteries.
During heart surgery, a coronary ______ is often placed in the blood vessel to keep it open.
Patients are at high risk of developing diabetes if they have:
Exercise improves the levels of ____ (good cholesterol) in the body.
Blocked blood flow to the brain results in a stroke, or
Transient ischemic attacks result in:
little to no tissue death
The material that accumulates on the artery wall and causes damage and calcification is called ________.
Hypertension increases the risk of which of the following?
An irregular heart beat is called:
Regular screening for hypertension (high-blood pressure) is recommended for individuals over what age?
The two most common chronic lung diseases are:
-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
What is the recommended limit on sodium intake per day for people with hypertension?
What is the process by which arteries become hard and stiff as a result of too much pressure?
The characteristics of chronic bronchitis are:
-persistent inflammation of the bronchioles
-excess secretion of mucus
A subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for 3& of all ________.
The collective term for various diseases of the heart and blood vessels is _____ disease.
Which of the following groups are prone to developing atherosclerosis at a younger age?
What test evaluates how well the heart functions during strenuous activity?
an exercise stress test
When the heart relaxes between contraction, the ____ blood pressure is measured.
HDL is capable of clearing cholesterol from cells and transporting it back to the ______ for recycling.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) develops:
over time as people experience cumulative damage to their airways.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for ______ in the U.S.
both men and women.
Which of the following statements concerning family history in developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) are true?
-high rates of CVD in a family may be related to genetics
-high rates of CVD in a family may be related to lifestyle
-a family history of sudden cardiac death at a young age may signify a genetic link
Treatment for Type-2 diabetes includes which of the following?
-increased physical activity
-insulin in some cases
What is the name of the diet plan that is intended to lower high blood pressure?
Overweight and obesity can increase the :
-risk for cardiovascular disease
-seriousness of cardiovascular disease
Which of the following is sometimes called a "ministroke"?
transient ischemic attacks
The technique in which a balloon catheter is inserted into an artery and then inflated to stretch it open is called:
When the heart contracts, the ____ blood pressure is measured.
Which of the following are ways that poverty increases people's risk for cardiovascular disease?
-by limiting access to food and shelter
-by limiting the ability to participate in society
-by reducing the access to health care
Which of the following categories of food are rich in fiber?
Which of the following statements about Type-1 diabetes are true?
-it is caused by the destruction of insulin producing cells
-it usually occurs before age 20
-it can occur at any age
A ___% decrease in HDL level is associated with 3% to $% increase in heart disease.
What test record the electrical activity of the beating heart?
Which of the following should be screened for diabetes?
-anyone with a high BMI and another risk factor
-anyone over 45
Which of the following statements concerning racial factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk are true?
-factors other than genetics may play a role in the rates of CVD in different racial groups
-Mexican Americans have a higher risk of CVD than Whites
-the death rate from heart attack has declined less among minority groups and women
The causes of asthma
-may include genetics and environment
-are not completely understood
To avoid chronic disease, a person should maintain healthy levels of:
The vein that return deoxygenated blood to the heart is the ______ _________.
Healthy body composition is measured by:
What lifestyle decisions will help a person avoid chronic disease?
-avoid being overweight
-be physically active
-eat a heart-healthy diet
-take care of mental health
Asthma attacks can be triggered by any of the following except:
Which of the following can cause heart valve disorders?
-rheumatic heart disease
Ventricular fibrillation can be stopped by using an AED, or _____ ______ defibrillator.
T or F: Whites have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than other racial groups.
Homocysteine is a(n) _______ acid that circulates in the blood and may damage the lining of blood vessels.
Which of the following body shape is most at risk for heart disease?
Which of the following can occur when heart valves do not function normally?
-blood can leak backward between heart chambers
-blood does not flow through the heart smoothly
What is the arrhythmia that causes the heart to quiver rather than beat?
A blood vessel rupture within the brain is called a(n):
How does hormone replacement therapy affect a woman's risk of cardiovascular disease?
Soy products can help lower:
Which of the following statements about Type-2 diabetes is true?
it is caused by the body's cells becoming resistant to insulin.
Gestational diabetes only affects
Type-1 diabetes is treated with:
Which of the following are among the causes of high blood pressure?
-high salt consumption
-low potassium levels
Which of the following are parts of the lungs?
Over the last few decades, asthma rates have been:
The right side of the heart pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs in a process called _____ circulation.
A primary reason that women have higher death rates from CVD than men is that:
women are less likely to have symptoms and seek treatment
An enlargement of the volume of the heart due to a weakening of the heart muscle is called _______ cardiomyopathy.
The waxy, fatty substance that is necessary in small amounts in the body but can be dangerous at high levels is called:
What is the term for a blood clot that blocks an artery, which can lead to a heart attack?
Which of the following psychological factors contribute to cardiovascular disease?
Which of the following tests can be used to determine whether a stroke has occurred?
-a CT scan
Which of the following statements about treating asthma are accurate?
-identifying and avoiding triggers is essential to managing asthma
-inhalers are used to deliver quick relief medicines during asthma attacks
-some asthma medicines help with long-term control by reducing lung inflammation
Health care providers are less likely to consider a diagnosis of heart disease in which gender?
The left side of the heart pumps oxygen-rich blood throughout the body in a process called ____ circulation.
Clot-dissolving medications can be used to treat which kind of stroke?
The largest artery in the body, which moves oxygen rich blood ing the body, is the :
Atherosclerosis in the arms and legs results in:
peripheral vascular disease
Structural birth defects of the heart that are the leading cause of death in competitive athletes are referred to as _____ heart disease.
Smoking contributes to the development of ____ by damaging the inner lining of the arteries.
What is the name for a weakened and stretched part of an artery wall?
Taking a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body and grafting it to the coronary artery to allow blood to flow around a narrowed vessel is called coronary artery _____ grafting.
A blood clot that breaks off from its place of origin and moves through the bloodstream is called a(n):
People over age 20 should have their cholesterol checked at least once every ___ years.
What is the most important noncontrollable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
LDL is the "bad" cholesterol associated with which disease?
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