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In theory, Texas has a "dual-budget" system, which means that the responsibility for preparing an initial draft of the budget is shared by the ____________ and the ____________.
The organization that was created by a 1949 law to recommend appropriations for all agencies of state government is
the Legislative Budget Board (LBB).
Supporters of an income tax in Texas argue that it would
require corporations to pay their fair share of state taxes.
The prison reforms of the 1980s, in which the state eliminated problems of overcrowding of prisons, improper supervision of inmates, and improper care of inmates, were spurred by
the appointment of a special master for the prison system as the result of a lawsuit that found the state's prison system unconstitutional.
From the early 1990s to the present day, Texas has
increased both the number of people in prison and the percentage of sentences served by inmates.
The case of Edgewood ISD v. Kirby compelled the legislature to
equalize school funding between rich and poor school districts.
The education reforms recommended by the State Committee on Public Education (SCOPE), which was chaired by Ross Perot and passed by the legislature in the mid-1980s, included all of the following except
reforming the school finance system to provide more equitable financing between rich and poor districts.
The result of the education reforms instituted in the 1980s and 1990s has been
mixed results; while dropout rates and scores on the state's standardized states have improved, measures such as spending on education, high school graduation rates, and average SAT scores remain below the national average.
Over the last two decades, poverty rates in Texas have
remained basically the same, despite the growth of the Texas economy.
The name change of the Department of Public Welfare to the Department of Human Resources to the Department of Human Services to the Health and Human Services Commission reflects the:
desire to think of the agency less as a welfare agency and more as a service agency to the poor.
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