Govn't 2302 Ch 27

Texas is considered a _________________ state.
low tax-low service
The Texas Constitution requires the state to maintain a
balanced budget
The "pay-as-you-go limit" in the Texas budgeting process means
All of the above
In theory, Texas has a "dual-budget" system, which means that the responsibility for preparing an initial draft of the budget is shared by the ____________ and the ____________.
governor; legislature
The organization that was created by a 1949 law to recommend appropriations for all agencies of state government is
the Legislative Budget Board (LBB).
The most important single tax financing Texas government is the
sales tax.
Which of the following taxes is not used in Texas?
Supporters of an income tax in Texas argue that it would
require corporations to pay their fair share of state taxes.
The second largest source of revenue for Texas is
federal funds.
Texas's largest single state expenditure is that for
health and human services.
The second-largest expenditure by the state is for
public education.
The prison reforms of the 1980s, in which the state eliminated problems of overcrowding of prisons, improper supervision of inmates, and improper care of inmates, were spurred by
the appointment of a special master for the prison system as the result of a lawsuit that found the state's prison system unconstitutional.
From the early 1990s to the present day, Texas has
increased both the number of people in prison and the percentage of sentences served by inmates.
The increase in the Texas prison population has led to
All of the above
The case of Edgewood ISD v. Kirby compelled the legislature to
equalize school funding between rich and poor school districts.
The education reforms recommended by the State Committee on Public Education (SCOPE), which was chaired by Ross Perot and passed by the legislature in the mid-1980s, included all of the following except
reforming the school finance system to provide more equitable financing between rich and poor districts.
The result of the education reforms instituted in the 1980s and 1990s has been
mixed results; while dropout rates and scores on the state's standardized states have improved, measures such as spending on education, high school graduation rates, and average SAT scores remain below the national average.
Over the last two decades, poverty rates in Texas have
remained basically the same, despite the growth of the Texas economy.
The name change of the Department of Public Welfare to the Department of Human Resources to the Department of Human Services to the Health and Human Services Commission reflects the:
desire to think of the agency less as a welfare agency and more as a service agency to the poor.
In 1996, Congress created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which
developed a federal block grant program for welfare; it replaced the AFDC program.