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78 terms

Art Appreciation

Test # 1
STUDY
PLAY
The word art encompasses many meanings, including process. Which of the following is considered an artistic process?
Human capacity
Examining a work of art in its historical, social and political _______ enables you to better understand it.
Context
What civilization was obsessed with its idea of beauty, and developed mathematical formulas for sculpting the human body so it would achieve ideal perfection?
Classical Greeks
The 16th century artist Leonardo da Vinci produced what is perhaps the most famous painting in the history of Western art. This painting is known as _______.
Mona Lisa
Glass sculptor Dale Chihuly's Fiordi Como, located in Las Vegas Bellagio Hotel, is a 70 foot-long ceiling piece reminiscent of the shapes and brilliant colors of Venice's renowned _______ glass.
Murano
Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is best known for her extremely realistic and often anguished _______.
Self-portraits
Until modern times, art works have been primaril devoted to _______ themes.
Religious
Marc Chagall's self-portrait I and the Village can be best described as a depiction of_______.
Fantasy
An anti-commercial movement begun in the 1960's in which works of art are conceived and executed in the mind of the artist is known as ____________.
Pop art
In his famous 1907 photograph, Alfred Stieglitz captures the juxtaposition of the upper and lower classes on board the Kaiser Wilhelm II ship. This photograph is titled _________.
The steerage
In art, a __________ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements.
Line
In works with ________, the lines are completed by the viewer.
Implied Line
________creates the illusion of roundness or three dimensional through the use of light and shadow on a two-dimensional surface.
Modeling
______are formed when intersecting or connected lines enclosed space.
Shapes
The _____shaped of an artistic composition is considered the background.
Negative
From the Italian for "light-dark", what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?
Chiaroscuro
A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a ______.
Prism
The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are _____.
Complementary
Actual texture is primarily experienced through the sense of _______.
Touch
David Gilhooly's Bowl of Chocolate Moose seems gooey and edible. It is a visual pun that employs the use of a technique known as ______.
Trompe l'oeil
The process of organizing the visual elements to achieve a desired aesthetic in a work of art is known as______.
Design
Although there is much variety amongst the characters in Archilbald Motley Jr's Saturday Night, the overall composition is unified by ______.
a glowing red color field
When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and compostional elements. they are pursuing______.
Focal points
Unlike two-dimensional compositions, three-dimensional objects such as sculptures often have
Actual balance
In art, _________refers to the distribution of the actual or apparent weight of the compositional elements.
Balance
Pictorial balance can be found in which of the following?
Leonardo da Vinci's Proportion of the human figure
Leonardo da Vinci's Proportion of the human figure can best be considered an example of ________.
bilateral symmetry
Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-six Times, exhibits_____due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions.
Variety within unity
_______is often a major design element in art forms such as ceramics, basketry, jewelry, and stained glass.
radical balance
In family of Saltimbanques, Picasso places visual emphasis on the seated woman in the painting though
Isolation
_____refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.
Style
Roy Lichtenstein's Forget it, Forget me! is an example of Pop Art that has the visual appearance of a____________.
Comic strip
The setting of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's The Two Girlfriends takes place in
Turn-of-the-century-Paris
Context has a profound influence on style. Artworks are very much a product of __________.
Their culture at a moment in time
_____refers to the portrayal of people and things as they actually are, with no idealization or distortion,
Realism
____is both a very realistic portrait of rural life in America and an icon of American art due to its many commercial reproductions on cereal boxes, greeting cards, posters, and the like,
Grant Wood's American Gothic
The couple in Lichtenstein's Forget it, Forget me! are not very realistic but they are clearly recognizable. The painting is therefore a good example of ______.
representational art
In expressionistic art, the artist intentionally distorts colors are forms in the composition in order to achieve an______.
Heightened emotional impact
Donna Rosenthal's male and female "He said, she said" are
pages of discarded book and newspapers
Compositions such as Barbara Hepworth's Two figures are termed______because they make no reference at all to nature reality.
Nonobjective
French multimedia performance artist is
Orlan
_____refers to color, line, shape and texture.
Visual elements
The need to fulfill one's unique potential is_____.
Self Actualization
A display of the harmony of Zen Buddhism is_______.
Japanese Sand Garden
Found objects turned into art are___________.
Readymade
1960's are depicting commercial and common place images is called_______.
Pop art
An organized collection of ideas is referred to as _____.
Ideology
A priest or medicine man could be referred to as a
Shaman
Marcel Duchamp's "Fountain" is readymade produced from a__________.
Urinal
Regular and precise refers to_____.
Pureness
If something is without clear shape of form it is____.
Amorphous
Visual ambiguity is
Figure-ground reversal
Color is
Hue
Neutral color is
Achromatic
A thick buildup of paint is
Impasto
Referring to location of the viewer's eyes is
Vantage point
______geometicizes organic forms.
Cubism
_____is created by adding white to a color.
Tint
In "La Source", Prud' hon's nude figure us
Carefully modeled and three dimensional
Orderly progressions refers to
Rhythm
When designs elements radiate from a center point an object is said to have_____.
Radical Balance
A specific part of a composition which seizes the viewer's interest is called
Focal point
Oneness or wholeness refers to
Unity
The length is 2.236 times its width refers to
Root five rectangle
When we talk about the relationship of the size of the parts to the whole that is referring to_____.
Proportion
Doryphoros is_____.
Spear-bearer
The easiest and most precise way to create rhythm in an artwork is to have_____.
Regular repetition
When referring to relative size compared to other objects you are dealing with_____.
Scale
Using relative size to indicate relative importance of figures being depicted is______.
Hierarchical scaling
Constantini Brancusi made which of the following?
The kiss
Judy Pfaff made which of the following?
Voodoo
Grant Wood made which of the following?
American Gothic
Toulouse-Lautree made which of the following?
The two girlfriends
Donna Rosenthal made which of the following?
Ken Moody and Robert Sherman
Roy Lichtenstein made which of the following?
Forget it, Forget me!
"The Oath of Horati" was painted by
Jacques-Louis David
When an artwork makes no reference to reality or nature it is called______.
Representational
In his painting (Semekazi, Migrant Miseries)_________uses images and objects to communicate a tragic story of apartheid rule.
Willie Bester