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trafficking midterm exam
Terms in this set (17)
slavery is... (4)
1. forced to work
2. owned/controlled by an employer
3. treated as commodity, bought/sold as property
4. has restrictions on freedom of movement
forced labour is...
compulsory labor exacted by a state or by agencies of a state, other than as punishment for a criminal offense (now happens more in private and not state economy)
League of Nations' Slavery Convention of 1926
"the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised"
forced labor (international law definition)
"all work or service which is exacted from any person UNDER THE MENACE OF ANY PENALTY and for which said person has NOT OFFERED HIMSELF VOLUNTARILY."
ILO's Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 said that ____ is one of the worst forms
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude, slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
4 main components of a National Action Plan
1. supporting framework
2. prevention work
3. protection of victims and witnesses
4. prosecution and investigation of trafficking
It is determined in the ___ that it is NOT NECESSARY for the child to have been subjected to abusive means of control
child trafficking elements (2)
1. under age of 18
2. being moved elsewhere to be exploited
Convention on the Rights of the Child: non-negotiable standards and obligations universally agreed upon
2 optional protocols to CRC
1. states must do everything to prevent children from being involved in armed conflict
2. combat sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography
key principles for preventing child trafficking, protecting them, and assisting them
1. best interest of the child
2. non-discrimination of any kind
3. children have right for their views to be listened to and taken into account for anything that affects them
4. child's right to privacy
first internationally agreed definition of trafficking was from the...
the 3 Ps
prevent, protect, prosecute
what introduced law enforcement education to be more culturally sensitive?
key components of a National Referral Mechanism
Identification, Protection, Assistance, Prosecution
What is an NRM?
A cooperative framework to help the government fulfill its obligations. Protect and promote human rights of trafficked persons, coordinate partnerships with all levels of society.
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