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RSHW Englisch - South Africa (all topics: quick facts, history, Nelson Mandela, apartheid and languages)
Terms in this set (88)
This is the size of the South African population.
What is 47 million people?
How many provinces are there in South Africa?
This is the largest city of South Africa.
What is Johannesburg?
This is the capital city of South Africa.
What is Pretoria?
These SIX countries border South Africa.
What are Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho?
These TWO oceans border South Africa.
What are the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean?
These SIX colours are on the flag of South Africa.
What are red, blue, green, black, yellow and white?
These THREE colours of South Africa's flag come directly from the ANC flag.
What are black, yellow and green?
Three colours of South Africa's flag - black, yellow and green - represent this.
What are black South Africans?
Three colours of South Africa's flag - red, white and blue - represent this.
What are white South Africans?
These THREE colours of South Africa's flag come directly from the British Union Jack and the Dutch flag.
What are red, white and blue?
South Africa is known as the 'Rainbow Nation' for this reason.
What is the great diversity of people who live in South Africa?
This is the best time to visit South Africa because of the more comfortable weather.
What is May to August?
This is the benefit of visiting South Africa in its winter.
There isn't so much vegetation then, so you can better see the diverse wildlife.
This plays a huge role in bringing South Africans of different races and languages together.
What is sport?
This sport is traditionally played by black South Africans.
What is football (soccer)?
This sport is traditionally played by white South Africans.
What is rugby?
This sport is traditionally played by Indian South Africans.
What is cricket?
These two huge problems still exist in South Africa today.
What are poverty and crime?
This is where many black South Africans still live today.
What are crowded townships?
This is South Africa's major health concern.
What is HIV/AIDS? (It has more people living with HIV/AIDS than in any other country!)
Portugese explorer Bartholomeu Diaz sailed round the Cape Peninsula in 1448 because he was looking for this.
What is a sea route between Europe and the East?
These people colonized South Africa in the 1600s.
Who are the Dutch?
The Dutch colonised South Africa in this century.
What is the 17th century?
When did the Dutch East India Company create a roadhouse (a victualling station) at the Cape of Good Hope?
These people colonized South Africa in the 1800s.
Who are the British?
When did the Cape become a British colony?
The British colonised South Africa in this century.
What is the 18th century?
Diamonds and gold were discovered in South Africa in this decade of the 1800s.
What are the 1850s?
When were diamonds first discovered in South Africa?
These two independent Boer republics were founded by Dutch settlers because they didn't want to stay in the Cape where the British ruled.
What are Orange Free State and Transvaal?
This struggle of power between Britain and the independent Dutch republics (the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic) took place from 1880 to 1881.
What is the (first) Boer War?
This was discovered in Transvaal in 1886.
What is gold?
This leading figure of Indian resistance against racial discrimination lived in South Africa between 1892 and 1914.
Who is Mahatma Gandhi?
When did South Africa gain its independence from Great Britain?
This was formed in 1910.
What is the Union of South Africa?
When did South Africa leave the Commonwealth and become a republic?
When did the Rivonia Trial take place?
This was a cruel ploy used by the South African government to silence Nelson Mandela for good.
What was the Rivonia Trial?
This person was classified as a terrorist by the South African government in 1964.
Who is Nelson Mandela?
Where did Nelson Mandela (and other ANC leaders) spend their lifetime prison sentence?
For how long did Nelson Mandela go to prison?
When was Nelson Mandela released from prison?
This is the reason why Nelson Mandela was finally released from prison.
What are international pressure from foreign governments and economic sanctions?
After his prison release in 1990, Nelson Mandela worked together with this president to end apartheid.
Who is President F.W. de Klerk?
When did Nelson Mandela receive the Nobel Peace Prize (for his anti-apartheid efforts)?
This political party won the first open election in South Africa in 1994.
What is the ANC (African National Congress)?
Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first black president in this year.
When was 1994?
When did Nelson Mandela retire from politics after being President of South Africa for five years?
Nelson Mandela devoted himself to these two causes after he left politics in 1999.
What is the charity 'Make Poverty History' and fighting the global AIDS epidemic?
This was Nelson Mandela's nickname until he died.
What was the 'Father of the Nation'?
When did Nelson Mandela die?
This Afrikaans work means 'separateness'.
What is apartheid?
This political party invented apartheid.
What is the Afrikaner National Party?
Afrikaners had these TWO strong beliefs which made them see the black majority as a threat.
What are 'South Africa is Afrikaners' God-given homeland' AND 'the white race is superior'?
When did apartheid begin?
Apartheid, a system of racial segregation, governed South Africa for this number of years.
What are 46?
How large was the white minority that controlled South Africa during apartheid?
South Africans were segregated in these TEN public places during apartheid.
What are stadiums, parks, public toilets, buses, trains, schools, hospitals, churches, banks and shops?
There were this many apartheid laws.
What were 148?
The 1949 Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act forbid these.
What are marriages between whites and non-whites (mixed marriages)?
From 1950 onwards, police were given the power to raid homes for this reason.
What is making sure that blacks and whites weren't having sex?
This legislation decided which races could live in which parts of a city AND bulldoze districts with a mixed population.
What is the Group Areas Act of 1950?
The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 did this to black South Africans.
What is taking away South African citizenship from the blacks?
These areas were rural, overcrowded and lacked jobs.
What are homelands?
This was the number of homelands in South Africa that were set aside for black use.
What were 10?
Blacks were forced to carry this with them at all times during apartheid.
What are ID permits?
Black South Africans did not go out after dark for this reason.
What are strict curfews?
Many black South Africans worked for low wages here.
What are gold mines?
Black South Africans did not have these TWO workers' rights.
What are the right of fair wages and the right to strike?
This multi-racial national organisation's aim was to end all racial discrimination in South Africa and allow the whole population to vote.
What is the ANC (African National Congress).
When were world-wide economic and sports sanctions imposed against South Africa?
These goods were boycotted by international governments during apartheid.
What are Lego and Polaroid photos?
As a sports sanction due to apartheid, South Africa was barred from taking part in these Olympic Games.
What are the Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964?
F. W. de Klerk
Which President of South Africa unbanned the ANC and other political organisations?
White minority rule, also known as apartheid, ended in this year.
When was 1994?
When did the first free (open/democratic) elections take place in South Africa?
This language was brought to South Africa in the 17th century by settlers from Holland.
What is Afrikaans?
This is the lingua franca of South Africa.
What is English?
How many official languages are there in South Africa?
This is the most spoken mother tongue in South Africa.
What is Zulu? (22.7%)
Less than 10%.
What percentage of South Africans speak English at home?
English is used as the lingua franca in South Africa in these FOUR areas of life.
What are education, the media, business and the government?
At least two.
How many languages do South Africans fluently speak?
This South African English term means 'Hello, how's it going?'.
What is 'Howzit!'?
This is the South African English term for 'traffic lights'.
What is 'robots'?
When in South Africa, I say this word when I want to say that something is 'nice'.
What is 'lekker'?
This South African English term means 'I might to it sometime in the future'.
What is 'I'll do it just now'?
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