American Government Chapter 3 Test Review
Terms in this set (33)
people are the only source of governmental power
holds that government is not all-powerful, that it may do only those things that the people have given it power to do
government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
rule of law
government and its officers are always subject to-never above-the law
separation of powers
basic principle of the American system of government that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government
checks and balances
a complex system that ties together the three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial
the power to decide whether what government does is in accord with what the constitution provides.
to declare illegal, null and void, of no force and effect-a governmental action found to violate some provision in the constitution
the division of power among a central government and several regional governments
a change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
changes or additions that become part of the written language of the constitution itself
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments
process by which many changes have been made in the constitution that have not led to changes in the document's written words.
a pact made by the president directly with the head of a foreign state
The Constitution is the nation's ______ _____.
supreme law of the land
The Constitution is the "______ ____ __ ____ _____."
people hold the power
checks and balances
each branch has certain powers with which it can check the operations and balance the power of the other two
Marbury v. Madison
1803; landmark case that established the power of judicial review
formal and informal amendment
The process of constitutional change, of modification and growth, has come about in two basic ways:
proposed by Congress by a 2/3 vote in both houses; ratified by State legislatures in 3/4 of states
proposed by Congress by a 2/3 vote in both houses; ratified by conventions held in 3/4 of the states
proposed at a National Convention called by Congress when requested by 2/3 of the state legislatures; ratified by the state legislature in 3/4 of the states
proposed at a National Convention called by Congress when requested by 2/3 of the state legislatures; ratified by conventions held in 3/4 of the states
Hawke v. Smith
1920; ruled that the State cannot require an amendment proposed by Congress to be approved by a vote of the people of the State before it can be ratified by the State legislature
Kimble v. Swackhamer
1978; a State legislature can call for an advisory vote by the people before it acts
10,000; 1789; 33; 27
More than ____ joint resolutions calling for amendments to the Constitution have been proposed in Congress since ___. Only __ of them have been sent on to the States. And, of those, only __ have been finally ratified.
Bill of Rights; 1791
the first ten amendments are known as the _______; they were all ratified at the same time in ____.
1) the passage of basic legislation by Congress 2) actions taken by the President 3) decisions of the Supreme Court 4) the activities of political parties 5) custom
Informal amendment can take place in 5 basic ways:
First, it has passed many laws to spell out several of the Constitution's brief provisions. Second, Congress has added to the Constitution by way in which it has used many of its powers.
Congress has been a major agent of informal amendment in two ways:
Commander in Chief
The Constitution makes the President ________ __ _____ of the nation's armed forces.
a type of informal amendment that may be as strong as written laws; for example, succession of Vice President to the Presidency if the President dies, or having no more than 3 terms in a Presidency.
when the Constitution was written