Writing Terms 12
( from Scott Findley, School District 43, Gleneagle Secondary School)
Terms in this set (56)
The particular individual or group to which a piece of writing is addressed or appeals.
______ refers to genre, as writing can take the form of a story, or poem,
The author may have one or more ________ in a piece of writing; these include the desire to inform, satirize, criticize, persuade, entertain or argue, etc. Be careful in assigning an author's "__________" to work without appropriate
These tells a story, often a segment from the narrator's life, and the lesson to be learned from the story (thesis). Short anecdotes are written in _____________ ________, and, like short stories, they have climax.
These describe a scene or a collection of scenes, and rely more on description than action or character to make their point. In fact, often nothing really happens at all in a ________ ___________. These paragraphs are like written photographs in that they simply describe a scene.
This paragraph is the basis for the typical essay written for school. In a single paragraph, the writer either persuades the reader to a particular point of view or explains something to the reader. The first type of _____________ paragraph is called the persuasive or argumentative paragraph; the second is called the explanatory.
This first paragraph or two of an essay and where the reader is made aware of the purpose of the piece of writing. The _____________ provides information on the topic and allows the reader to figure out what kind of essay it is.
This is the main idea of the essay, which ties the whole piece together. It is like the theme in a short story. Usually, the ______ is stated explicitly most often in the opening paragraph. The ______ is most often expressed as a single sentence, otherwise known as the _______ statement.
These are words that allow the reader to slide smoothly from one idea to the next or one paragraph to the next (however, therefore, nevertheless, as a result, etc.).
This is the bulk of the essay, where most information is provided (where one proves the thesis).
The end of the essay, usually one or two paragraphs in length, where the writer wraps up the argument or otherwise ties together the content of the essay for the reader.
An essay in which the main objective is to engage the senses and convey the essence of a character and/or place rather than plot ( narrative essay) or ideas (expository).
_______ essay is an extension of the narrative and/ or descriptive paragraphs described above.
Most common essay form used in school. _____________ essays persuade or explain, are written in third person point of view.
Formal, academic essay in which a piece/ pieces, of literature is / are analyzed for theme, characterization, style, use of figurative language, and/ or other stylistic device.
Method by which a writer defends his/her interpretation of a literary work. Evidence from the text is supplied in the form of direct quotations and / or paraphrases, followed by a page or line reference in parentheses, in order to convince the reader that the writer's interpretation of the literature is sound. There are formatting rules.
Comparison of certain similarities between two different things, sometimes expressed as a simile.
Informal account of evidence, perhaps from an interview, leaving verification dependent on the credibility of party presenting the evidence.
A detailed intensive study of an individual unit- such as a person, family, social group, or corporation- that emphasizes developmental issues and contribute to the success or failure of the unit, and it is written as an exemplary, cautionary, or instructive model for the reader.
Cause and Effect
An essay technique whereby the events leading up to a single effect are explained to the reader. What ______ something to occur? The answer to this question is found i the ______ _____ _____ essay.
When the essay, usually a narrative, simply recites the events of an action in the order in which they occurred.
least important idea is presented first and the ideas build in importance to the most important idea, that the essay is organized using ________ ________. The closing of this essay is the ________, so it doesn't simply trail off feeble nothingness.
Compare and Contrast
An essay technique whereby one item or concept is evaluated relative to another. Both similarities and differences between the two items are explained.
Doing research and finding out what they experts think on a topic, then quoting the experts so your ideas have more weight.
The essay tries to explain something to the reader, either how something works, or how to do something. It simply offers information to the reader, without trying to persuade the reader to think a certain way about the information.
This essay attempts to convince the reader to agree with a particular point of view on a topic. ___________ is the act of persuading the reader to agree with the writer's position on something. _________________ techniques are the methods writers use to convince the reader; they include appeals to logic and appeals to emotion.
Pro and Con Argument
This method of writing offers the reader both sides of the argument on a topic, the _____ and the ________. The reader is then able to make up his or her mind on the topic by him or herself.
Question and Answer
This organizational method for writing offers the reader a series of __________ about a topic and then ______________ them. The ___________ to the _____________ allow the writer to convince the reader to adopt the writer's narrator's opinion on a topic.
This organizational method is similar to the one on expert opinion. The writer does research to find out about the __________ on the topic and then quotes those __________ in order to convince the reader that the writer's opinion is correct.
The writer uses _______________ facts and examples to prove that his or her idea about the topic is correct or to persuade the reader to accept his or her point of view. ________________ essays always cite sources, so the writer won't be accused of plagiarism, and the reader can feel confident that the writer has done enough research to be knowledgeable.
Words and phrases that are old or obsolete (no longer used) For example, the ___________ word smote has been replaced with the modern word hit
This is a tendency in a person that prevents objective consideration of an issue, could be prejudice, in that a person might be partial to a particular way of seeing something and try to influence others accordingly. _____ is a form of favouritism
An idea that has been so frequently stated over time that it has lost its impact through excessive use. For Example" It was a dark and stormy night".
informal language of conversation that often makes a character seem more "real" and believable. eg., "blab", "okay"
5 senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch) and poetic language to make powerful writing. The goal of _______________ is to have the reader live the experience described in the writing
Choice and use of words in speech or writing- a style of writing or writing results from a deliberate choice and arrangement of words in a story/essay.
formal kind of writing that is used when writer wants to teach something important, usually a lesson on morality, ethics, politics, or something of that nature
Formal and Informal language
_____________ language avoids partial sentences, most contractions, colloquial expression, and communication with no regard for formality
______________ language- representation of speech in writing
A phrase that can't be translated literally into another language because the meaning isn't the same as the words that make up the phrase (e.g., "raining cats and dogs")
Used as a persuasive technique, a ___________ reference is when a writer cites something that occurred in the past
When there is a surprising gap between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Words or expressions developed for use within a specific group ( e.g., technology, science)
The deliberate placing together of tow or more thoughts, images or other elements that emphasize each other through their side by side placement- a kind of contrast
the writer relies more on hard evidence and logical proof than on intuition, prejudices, anecdotal evidence
Information for readers that is designed to influence opinion, sometimes in unfair ways
A question for which no answer is expected e.g., " You don't expect me to really do that, do you?"
Another word for causal, colloquial language, which is often the form everyday speeches take (e.g., "my bad")
The author relies more on intuition, prejudices, or emotional appeals than on hard evidence and proof. opposite of objective writing
_______ is the author's attitude towards his/her subject or readers. It is similar to tone of voice and should not be confused with mood or atmosphere. An author's _________ might be sarcastic, sincere, apologetic
_____________ is a form of satire or sarcasm. It achieves its effect through stating less than what is necessary. For example, a person might say to a hospitalized car crash victim, "I bet that hurt."
______ is the personality of the writing, the specific characteristics that make the writing unique. The ______ of a piece of writing is assessed in terms of style and/or tone. Every writer has a unique and recognizable voice.
___ refers to clever, often humorous, intelligence and the ability to make clever remarks in an amusing way. A ______ person can recognize the relationships between seemingly unrelated things and express those relationships with keen perception. Sarcasm is a form of extreme ___ intended to wound or ridicule another.
An account of a person's life written by that person.
An account of a person's life written by someone else.
Writing about, often on a daily basis, the events in a person's life. The ______ is
a personal and private place where a person can write without an intended audience
(though this is not always the case). Ironically, some _______ are later published, especially if the person is famous.
An article in a news medium (such as a newspaper, magazine, radio broadcast, or television broadcast) that presents the personal opinion of the publisher, editor, manager, or owner of the news medium.