(1816-1882) reactionary french diplomat. enunciated first important theory on race as a derterminate of human history
Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
potrayed the troubles of western civilizzation as the result of the long degeneration of the white ayaran race. diluted greatness. no way to reverse. written by Arthur de Gobineau
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
(1855-1927) Englishmen who settled in Germany. drew together these strands of racial thought in Roundations of the Nineteenth Century
Foundations of the Nineteenth Century(1899)
written by Houston Stewart Chamberlain. championed concept of biological determinism through race, but believed that through genetics the human race could be improved and even that a superior race could be developed.