WW2 Vocabulary

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Inflation
a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Adolf Hitler
was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Totaliterian Government
Of, relating to, being, or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life, the individual is subordinated to the state, and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed
Nazis
a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Third Reich
the Nazi designation of Germany and its regime from 1933-45. Historically, the First Reich was the medieval Holy Roman Empire, which lasted until 1806. The Second Reich included the German Empire from 1871-1918.
Blitzkrieg
an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
Fascism
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
Axis Powers (which Countries)
Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Benito Mussolini
was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
Hideki Tojo
was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944.
Allied Powers (Which Countries)
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.
Joseph Stalin
was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
Communist Government
An economic and social system envisioned by the nineteenth-century German scholar Karl Marx. In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than by individuals (see Marxism and Marxism-Leninism). In practice, a single authoritarian party controls both the political and economic systems.
FDR/ Harry Truman
U.S. president, assumed office following the death of President Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945). In the White House from 1945 to 1953, Truman made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan, helped rebuild postwar Europe, worked to contain communism and led the United States into the Korean War (1950-1953).
Winston Chrurchill
was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Wikipedia
Isolationism
a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.
Pearl Harbor
A major United States naval base in Hawaii that was attacked without warning by the Japanese air force on December 7, 1941, with great loss of American lives and ships.
Lend Lease Policy
the matériel and services supplied by the U.S. to its allies during World War II under an act of Congress (Lend-Lease Act) passed in 1941: such aid was to be repaid in kind after the war.
The Battle of Britan
was a combat of the Second World War, when the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) attacks from the end of June 1940.
Rosie the Riveter
is a cultural icon of the United States, representing the American women who worked in factories and shipyards during World War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies.
Ration Books
Every American was issued a series of ration books during the war. The ration books contained removable stamps good for certain rationed items, like sugar, meat, cooking oil, and canned goods.
Victory Gardens
a vegetable garden, especially a home garden, planted to increase food production during a war.