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History chapter 13
Terms in this set (51)
The Renaissance intellectual movement that studied classical cultures or increase understanding of their own times
Subjects of grammar, poetry, rhetoric, and history
Florentine humanist, poet, and scholar who assembled a library of Greek and Roman manuscripts to encourage learning
An Italian city-state that produced many gifted artists, scholars, scientists, and architects
Person who provides financial support for the arts
The artistic technique that allows an artist to portray death and three-dimensional qualities by making distant objects smaller
Artist, scientist, and inventor best known for the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and sketches of inventions such as flying machines
Artist; created sculpture of David and painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Painter; blended Christian and classical styles; famous works and include The School of Athens and his portrayals of the Madonna
Wrote the Book of the Courtier describing the manners and qualities aristocratic men and women should display
Wrote The Prince, describing how to rule in an age of ruthless power politics
Role of trade and printing revolution?
Trade carried new ideas important to the Renaissance giving Italy access to Muslim world wealth of knowledge; exposed readers to new ideas and places
Florence's role as a center of Italian Renaissance?
Controlled by Medici family, symbolized energy and brilliance in Renaissance
How was the Renaissance worldview was different from the Middle Ages?
The Middle Ages worldview was shaped by religion, accepting tradition and the idea that only God was perfect; the Renaissance was shaped by inquiry, the idea that humans could perfect themselves
In the Roman Catholic Church, pardons for sins committed during a person's life
The German monk who triggered the revolt against the Roman Catholic Church in 1517
City of northern Germany where Luther drew up his 95 Theses
The Holy Roman emperor who ordered Luther to recant his 95 Theses
Assembly or legislature
A reformer who preached predestination and living a saintly life
The idea that God had predetermined who would gain salvation
The Swiss city where Calvin was asked to establish
A government run by religious leaders
Causes and effects of Protestant Reformation?
Wanted to reform the church and it caused the church to split
Counter-Reformations efforts to reduce Church abuses Protestantism?
95 Theses and better educated the clergy
How did the Protestant Reformation bring about two different religious paths in Europe?
Catholic monarchs and the Catholic Church fought against the Protestant challenge, taking steps to reform the Church and restore its spiritual leadership of the Christian world
Polish astronomer who proposed a heliocentric model of the universe
Idea that the sun, not the Earth, was at the center of the universe
Danish astronomer who collected data to prove that Copernicus was correct
Mathematician who plotted the orbits of planets and discovered they are elliptical
Scientist who proved that the Earth moves around the sun; in 1633, the Inquisition forced him t recant his heliocentric views
English thinker who, with Descartes, rejected the assumptions of Aristotle; stressed experimentation and observation
French philosopher and mathematician who proposed the need to search for provable knowledge
A step-by-step process of discovery requiring the collection of accurately measured data
A logical or possible explanation to a problem to be tested using the scientific method
Scientist who explained all matter as being composed of tiny particles that behave in knowable ways; proposed laws governing gases
Scientist who argued that there were uniform laws of nature and that all motions could be measured mathematically
Force that keeps planets in orbit; proposed by Newton
A branch of mathematics partially developed by Newton
Role of the scientific method in the discovery of new ideas?
Required scientists to collect and accurately measure data
Major scientists and their discoveries of the Scientific Revolution?
Look/study at 13.5 graphic organizer
How did discoveries in science lead to a new way of thinking for Europeans?
Scientists began to rely on observation rather than accepted wisdom; they challenged accepted views of the universe
To state something as true although not proven to be
Believable or plausible
A statement that can be proven
A personal judgement that someone thinks is true; but that may be true or false
Verbal exchange between people of opposite views
Enough; as much as needed
Identity the claim and author presents in a text
Determine the credibility of the author and his/her purpose
Identify claims that are supported by fact(s) and those that are opinion(s)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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