PSY Chapter 2
Terms in this set (60)
a(n) _____ variable is an additional variable whose influence cannot be separated from the independent variable be examined.
Of the following which is not considered a distant flavor of science?
Psychology, sociology, and economics are considered ________ science?
________ measures are based on systematic observations of people's action either in their normal environment( that is, naturalistic observation) in a laboratory setting.
Identify the types of descriptive design
the ______ group consist of those participants who receive the treatment.
Observe, predict, test, interpret, communicate
Which of the following is the correct order of process of the scientific method?
Protection from mental and physical harm
Researches must protect the rights of participants
it is the outcome or response to experimental manipulation
In an experiment, which of the following best describes the dependent variable
____is a broad term for any characteristic that can change is some way.
monitor the behavior of their participants
propose a hypothesis based in their theory
during the observation and prediction stages of the scientific method, researches
research that involves determining the association b/w two variables or two sets of variables is called _______ research
_____is a set of cognitive skills that generates tests and revises theories
it has been found that hairiness and aggression are positively correlated. this highlights the fact that correlation does not infer ________ causation because it is unclear whether one causes the other, or whether some other variable is responsible for both
being open to skepticism, being intellectually honest, questioning authority
having a scientific attitude means
[ ] are analyses of data that allow us to test hypotheses and make inferences
experiments involve ____ one variable and observing the effect on another variable
in a [ ], responses are limited to the choices given
the correlation [ ] is a statistic that tell us whether two variables relate to each other and the direction of the relationship
manipulated independent variable and random assignment of participants to conditions
which of the following are crucial characteristics of an experiment
[ ] is a research technique for combining the results of all the published and even unpublished results on one question and drawing a conclusion based on the entire set of studies on the topic
which study involves a psychologist, often a therapist, observing one person over a long period of time.
consists of the explanation of the purposes of a study following data collection
case study and placebo
not a commonly used self-report measure in psychology
a(n) [ ] specific, informed, and testable prediction of the outcome of a particular set of conditions in a research design
at one time, philosophy was the only 'science' available to humans, and [ ] was a tool that was used to descrive how the world SHOULD work
identification of data
statistics do not involve
a research design
a research [ ] is a plan of action for how to conduct a study
propose a hypothesis based in theory AND monitor the behavior of their participants
During the observation and prediction stages of the scientific method, researchers...
which of the following describes the type of research designs where researchers define a problem and variable of interest, but make no predictions and do not attempt to control or manipulate any variables
in an experiment, the [ ] variable is manipulated by the experimenter and is expected to change as a result
are measures of bodily responses, such as blood pressure or heart rate, to help determine changes in psychological state
minimizes the risk of harm by telling research participants about what to expect before they participate in research
if someone is using theories to develop hypothesis and then testing those hypothesis, that person is using the [ ]
[ ] [ ] is a type of study in which the researcher unobtrusively observes and records behavior in the real world.
in an experiment, the group that receives no treatment is referred to as the [ ] group
broad explanations and predictions are characteristic of [ ]
a group of people (called the sample) are asked to complete questionnaires about their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors is considered [ ] research
consists of studies (sometimes covering an area of true scientific interest) that do not rely on the scientific method but claim to be scientific
cause and effect relationships can not be demonstrated and study conditions cannot be controlled
which of the following are drawbacks of naturalistic observation
a [ ] sample is a research sample that accurately reflects the population of people one is studying
measures are written or oral accounts of a person's thoughts, feelings, or actions
it must be tied to real evidence
it generates expectations that can be tested symmetrically
it organizes observations
which of the following best describes the functions of a scientific theory?
is a broad term for any characteristic that can change in some way
it is the outcome or response to experimental manipulation
in an experiment, which of the following best describes the dependent variable?
when data falls into symmetrical shape in our graph, we would refer to it as a(n)
research that involves determining the association between two variables or two sets of variables is called [ ] research.
the ____ is a statistic that represents the most commonly occurring score or value
[ ] statistics are techniques that show what observations collected in research actually look like by summarizing and describing data.
they are reliant on self report
this technique is most useful when a researcher is unable to manipulate variables.
which of the following is true of the research technique of surveys and questionaries?
the [ ] science study plants and animals in the broadcast sense. it includes biology, zoology, genetics, and botany.
is a statistical measure of how much scores in a sample vary around the mean
in an experiment, the [ ] group is manipulated, while the [ ] is not.
the number of times a particular score appears in a set of data
(institutional review boards)
____ are organizations that evaluate proposed research before its conducted to make sure research is involving humans does not cause undue harm or distress
____, or informing participants about the manipulations and purpose of a study is especially important in studies that utilize ____, which involves failing to inform participants about parts of the study
unlike [ ] research, experiments can determine casual relationships
during what stage of the scientific method do researchers publish their findings
the [ ] is a statistic that compares two means to see whether they could come from the same population
a [ ] is a subset of a group the researcher is interested in