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HISTORY CH.27 (WWI)
Terms in this set (43)
A world court to settle disputes between nations.
a powerful form of nationalism that Russia sponsored
In 1914, when war did erupt, Germany and Austria-Hungary fought on the same side
In 1904, France and Britain signed an entente. It led to close military and diplomatic ties.
opposition to all war
the glorification of the military
a non-binding agreement to follow common policies
the royal of Austria-Hungary. In 1914, he was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia. It cause WW I.
One of the conspirators who assassinated Francis Ferdinand
German General Alfred von Schlieffen had developed it to avoid a two-front war against France in the west and Russia to the east
final set of demands
prepare its military forces for war
a policy of supporting neither side in a war
The zone of fighting in western Europe in the First World War, in which the German army engaged the armies to its west, i.e.
city of France where German forces tried to overwhelm
a river where an allied offensive was even costlier. (Many soldiers were killed.)
At this battle, the Russians suffered one of the worst defeats of the war, causing them to retreat. (Germany has defeated Russia)
where the Austrians and Germans launched a major offensive against the Italian position in October 1917
At this battle, Turkish troops tied down the trapped allies on the beaches
T. E. Lawrence
the English officer who was sent to support the Arab revolt. He led guerilla raids against the Turks, dynamiting bridges and supply trains
deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
no man's land
empty tract of land where everything has been destroyed by war
large, gas-filled ballon
group of merchant ships protected by warships
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Early in 1918, Lenin signed it with Germany to pull Russian troops out of the war. The treaty ended Russian participation in World War I.
the American president who insisted that Americans, as citizens of a neutral country, had a right of safe travel on the seas
a British liner that torpedoed by a German submarine in May 1915. --> Wilson threatened to cut off relations with Germany
Issued by Wilson in January 1918, a list of his terms for resolving this and future wars. (freedom of the seas, free trade, large-scale reductions of arms, and an end of secret treaties.)
channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
"the draft", which required all young men to be ready for military or other service
spreading of ideas to promote a certain cause of to damage an opposing cause
brutal act committed against innocent people
Right of people to choose their own form of government
Agreement to end fighting in a war
Spread of a disease across a large area, country, continent, or the entire world
Payment for war damages or damages caused by imprisonment
System in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all
After WWI, a territory that was administered by a western power
Treaty of versailles
The treaty between 31 countries Allied and Germany - limited the size of Germany military, return Alsace and Lorraine to France...
League of Nations
One of Wilson's dreams. It would be based on the idea of collective security
The French leader who bore the nickname "the Tiger" for his fierce anti-German war policy. His chief goal was to weaken Germany so that if could never again threaten France.
David Lloyd George
The British prime minister who knew that his people demanded harsh treatment for Germany. He promised to build a postwar Britain "fit for heroes" - a goal that would cost money
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