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Introduction to Earth Science

Four Main Branches of Earth Science

Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Oceanography


The study of rocks


Scientists who study volcanoes.


scientists who study earthquakes


scientists who study fossils


the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans

Physical oceanographers

studies waves and ocean currents

Biological oceanographers

studies the plants and animals that live in the ocean

Chemical oceanographers

studies natural occurring chemicals in the ocean as well as chemicals that cause pollution

Black smokers

Hot water vents in deep oceans that may be similar to early Earth conditions.

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