Terms in this set (10)
William the Conqueror
Killed King Harold and led the Battle of Hastings. He invaded and took over England and slaughtered most Anglo-Saxon nobility.
Becomes Archbishop of Canterbury and uphold the supreme power of the Catholic Church.
Weak King- (Second son of Henry II) Loses land in France that England had owned since William the Conqueror's invasion. Signs Magna Carta (Gives more power to the nobles and takes power from the Kings)
"Longshanks" He brutally puts down the Wales rebellion and makes his eldest son the Prince of Wales. He then embarks on a war with Scotland.
He becomes King at age 14. His mother Isabella controlled him with a "puppet regime." He later hangs Mortimer (his mother's lover) and imprisons his mother until her death. He also starts the 100 years war and claims a great deal of land and money in France.
"Lionheart" First son of Henry II. Spends most of his time fighting in the Crusades. He was only on the throne for 10 years.
Puts Thomas Becket in charge of the church by making him the Archbishop of Canterbury. He later has Becket assassinated.
He wins much of France (Major victory is the Battle of Agincourt). He convinces the "mad" king of France, Charles VI, to name him the heir to the French throne. He marries Charles' daughter and only has to wait for Charles to die to be King of both England and France.
He became King at the age of 9 months. As he gets older, he becomes "mad" and loses all of the advancements into France and loses the claim to the French throne. His "madness" causes a civil war for the throne (House of York vs House of Lancaster)
Marries Elizabeth of York and symbolically restores peace to England. This marriage begins the Tudor line and with the joining of the Lancasters and Yorks, the Tudor Rose is made.
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