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57 terms

CME B1-L3 - Chinese Made Easier Book 1 Lesson 3

All the New Vocabulary characters (生词) from Lesson 3, Book 1 of "Chinese Made Easier", second edition. Plus some terms and sentences from my teachers to enhance the subject. The exact definition from the book is listed first then I added *** to separate other definitions that you may use over time.
【yóujú】 [PLACE WORD] - post office.
【zhào】 [NOUN] - (A Chinese family name); a surname.
【yào】 [ADVERB] - want to; going to; need to; *** important; essential; want; ask for; wish; desire; ask (or want) somebody to do something; wish to; must; should; it is necessary (or imperative, essential); shall; will; be going to; need; take; <conj.> if; suppose; in case.
【mǎi】 [ACTION VERB] - to buy; *** purchase.
【mài】 [ACTION VERB] - to sell; *** betray; exert to the utmost; show off.
【yóupiào】 [NOUN] - postage stamp; (the measure word is 张【zhāng】); *** stamp.
【duōshao】 [NUMBER] / [QUESTION WORD] - How much?; How many?; *** number; amount; somewhat; more or less; to some extent.
【qián】 [NOUN] - money; *** copper coin; cash; fund; sum; (Qian2) a surname.
【duōshaoqián】 [EXPRESSION] - How much money? (i.e. How much does it cost?); *** number; amount; somewhat; more or less; to some extent.
【de】 [PARTICLE] - (Noun and Verb suffix possession or modification); *** (used after an attribute); (used to form a noun phases or nominal expression); (used after a verb or between a verb and its object to stress an element of the sentence); (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis); (used to express the idea of 'of that kind').
【shuō】 [ACTION VERB] - to say; to speak; to say that; *** talk; explain; theory; teachings; doctrine; scold.
【dǒng】 [ACTION VERB] - to understand; *** know.
【wèn】 [ACTION VERB] - to ask (a question); to inquire; *** ask after; inquire after; interrogate; examine.
【jǐ】 [NUMBER] / [QUESTION WORD] - MUST be followed by a measure word. How many?; you are to expect a low number in reply; *** a few; several; some.
【kuài】 [MEASURE] - <informal> 元 yuan, the basic unit of money in China.; *** piece; lump; chunk;
【jǐkuàiqián】[EXPRESSION] - How much money? Expecting a small quantity of money as an answer. This is an extra phrase not in the CME book.
【máo】 [MEASURE] - dime; 10 cents; *** hair; feather; down; wool; mildew; semifinished; gross; little; small; careless; crude; rash; panicky; scared; flurried; <informal> (of currency) be no longer worth its face value; depreciate; <informal> a fractional unit of money in China (=0.1 yuan or 10 fen 分); a surname.
【jiǎo】 dime; 10 cents; *** horn; bugle; something in the shape of a horn; corner; angle; cape.
【fēn】 [MEASURE] - cent; *** divide; separate; part; distribute; assign; allot; distinguish; differentiate; branch (of an organization); fraction; one-tenth; fen a unit of length (=0.333 centimetre); fen, a unit of area (=66.666 square metres); fen a unit of weight (=0.5 gram); fen, a fractional unit of money in China; minute; point; mark; interest %.
【liǎng】 [NUMBER] - two MUST be follwed by a measure word; *** both; either; a few; some.
【zhāng】 [MEASURE] - Measure for stamps & flat objects); sheet (of) / (A Chinsese family name); *** open; spread; stretch; set out; display; magnify; exaggerate; opening of a new shop; a surname.
【yīgòng】 [ADVERB] - altogether; totaling; in total; **** in all; all told.
【hái】 [ADVERB] - still; yet (continuing); *** even more; still more; also; too; as well; in addition; passably; fairly; even.
【míngxìnpiàn】 [NOUN] - postcard. (the measure word is 张【zhāng】)
【jìxìn】 [VERB-OBJECT] - to mail letters.
【jì】 [ACTION VERB] - to mail; *** send; post; entrust; deposit; place; depend on; attach oneself; <old> adopted.
【xìn】 [NOUN] - letter (mail) (the measure word is 封【fēng】); *** true; confidence; trust; faith; believe; profess faith in; believe in; at will; at random; without plan; sign; evidence; message; word; information; fuse.
【fēng】 [MEASURE] - measure for letters; *** seal; bank (a fire); envelope; confer upon.
【hángkōng】 [NOUN] - airmail; *** aviation.
【hángkōngxìn】 [NOUN] - airmail letter.
【duì】 [STATIVE VERB] - to be correct; right; *** answer; reply; treat; cope with; counter; be trained on; be directed at; mutual; face to face;
opposite; opposing; bring (two things) into contact; fit one into the other; suit; agree; get along; compare; check; identify; set; adjust.
【guàhào】 [VERB-OBJECT] - to register (a letter or at the outpatient department of a hospital).
【guàhàoxìn】 [NOUN] - registered letter.
【háishì】 [MOVABLE ADVERB] - or; either (used in questions); *** still; nevertheless; all the same; had better.
【yī】 [NUMBER] - 1; *** one; single; alone; only one; same; whole; all; throughout; each; per; every time; also; otherwise; concentrated; wholehearted; once; as soon as.
【èr】 [NUMBER] - 2; *** two; different.
【sān】 [NUMBER] - 3; *** three; more than two; several; many.
【sì】 [NUMBER] - 4; *** four; <music> a note corresponding to six in numbered musical notation.
【wǔ】 [NUMBER] - 5; *** five; <music> a note of the scale in gongchepu, corresponding to 6 in numbered musical notation.
【liù】 [NUMBER] - 6; *** six.
【qī】 [NUMBER] - 7; *** seven.
【bā】 [NUMBER] - 8; *** eight.
【jiǔ】 [NUMBER] - 9; *** nine; each of the nine nine-day periods beginning from the day after the Winter Solstice; many; numerous.
【shí】 [NUMBER] - 10; *** ten; topmost.
【bǎi】 [NUMBER / MEASURE] - hundred; *** numerous; all kinds of.
【líng】 [NUMBER] - zerol *** ○; zero sign; nought; odd; with a little extra; wither and fall; nil; love; fractional; part.
【běn】 [MEASURE] - volume (of); (measure for books); *** the root or stem of a plant; foundation; basis; origin; capital; principal; original; one's own; native; this; current; present; according to; based on; book; edition; version.
【zhī】 [MEASURE] - (measure for writing instruments); *** prop up; put up; protrude; raise; support; sustain; bear; send away; put sb. off; pay or draw (money); branch; offshoot; <measure> for stick-like things & songs;etc.; <textile> count; the twelve Earthly Branches; Zhi - a surname.
【gè】 [MEASURE] - general measure; *** individual.
【zhègè】or 【zhèigè】 [SPECIFIER + MEASURE] - this (one).
【nàge】or【nèige】[SPECIFIER + MEASURE] - that (one).
【yuán】 [NOUN] - The basic unit of money in China; *** first; primary; chief; principal; basic; fundamental; unit; component; (Yuan2) the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368); (Yuan2) a surname.
你卖邮票吗?---- 我卖邮票,你要买多少钱的邮票?
Nǐ Mài Yóu Piào Mɑ?---- Wǒ Mài Yóu Piào, Nǐ Yào Mǎi Duō Shǎo Qián De Yóu Piào? ---- Do you sell stamps? ---- Yes, I do. Which denomination of stamps do you want to buy?
对不起,你说什么我不懂。 ---- 我问你,你要买几块钱的邮票?
Duì Bù Qǐ , Nǐ Shuō Shén Me Wǒ Bù Dǒnɡ 。 ---- Wǒ Wèn Nǐ, Nǐ Yào Mǎi Jǐ Kuài Qián De Yóu Piào?---- Sorry, I did not understand what you said. I asked which value of stamp you want to buy?
我要买六张两块钱的邮票。---- 一共十二块。 你还要什么?
Wǒ Yào Mǎi Liù Zhānɡ Liǎnɡ Kuài Qián De Yóu Piào。---- Yí Gònɡ Shí èr Kuài 。 Nǐ Hái Yào Shén Me? ---- I want 6 stamps of 2 yuan value. ---- In total it is 12 yuan. Anything else?
有没有明信片?---- 对不起, 没有。
Yǒu Méi Yǒu Mínɡ Xìn Piàn?---- Duì Bù Qǐ, Méi Yǒu。 ---- Do you have postcard to sell? ---- Sorry, we do not have.
我要寄信。---- 你要寄航空信还是挂号信? ---- 我要寄航空信。
Wǒ Yào Jì Xìn。 ---- Nǐ Yào Jì Hánɡ Kōnɡ Xìn Hái Shì Guà Hào Xìn? Wǒ Yào Jì Hánɡ Kōnɡ Xìn。 ---- I want to mail a letter. ---- You want air mail or registered letter? ---- I want air mail.