Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Texas History

Texas and the Civil War
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Plantation
A large farm with crops tended by workers who live there.
Planter
The owner of a plantation
Cash crop
A crop people raised to sell to others
Textile mill
A factory in which fibers, such as cotton or wool, are woven into cloth
Auction
A public sale of goods
States' rights
The idea that state governments have the right to make certain decisions for themselves.
Hi
A group of people in government who try to get agree with theeas and who choose leaders who share their opinions
Candidate
A person who runs for political office
Secede
To leave the union
Confederacy
The confederate states of America
Secessionist
People who wanted to leave the union
Enlist
To join
Infantry
A group of foot soldiers
Blockade
A line of warships used to keep other ships from sailing into or out of a port
Brigade
A group of troops or soldiers
Assassination
The murder of a political leader
Reconstruction
The period after the civil war in which southerners had to reorganize their state governments in order to rejoin the union
Juneteenth
A holiday in Texas celebrating the freeing of slaves.
Jury
A group of people that decide a case in court
Segregation
Keeping people in separate groups based on their race and culture
Amendment
A change in the constitution
Carpetbaggers
A northerner in the south during reconstruction who carried their things in bags made from carpet
Sharecroppers
A farmer who used a plot of land and was paid by the landowner with a share of the crops
Credit
A way of buying something by paying for it over time
Reservation
An area of land set aside by government for use by American Indians
Buffalo soldiers
A nickname given by Native Americans to African American soldiers.