How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

34 terms

Chapter 30 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
apnea
absence or cessation of breathing.
arrhythmia
irregular heart rhythm.
bounding
describes a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contractions or as a result of increase blood volume.
bradycardia
a slower heart beat; a pulse below 60 beats per minute.
bradypnea
respriations that are regular in rhythm but slower than a normal rate.
cerumen
A waxy secretion in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
a progressive and irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity.
diurnal rhythm
patterns of activity or behavior that follow day-night cycles.
dyspnea
Difficult or painful breathing.
essential hypertension
elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension.
febrile
pertaining to an elevated body temperature.
homeostasis
internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors.
hyperpnea
increase in the depth of breathing.
hypertension
high blood pressure
hyperventilation
abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension.
hypotension
blood pressure that is below normal.
intermittent pulse
pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped
orthopnea
condition in which individual must sit or stand to breath comfortably.
orthostatic hypotension
temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position.
otitis externa
inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal.
peripheral
pertaining to an area that is outside or away from an organ or structure.
pulse deficit
condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality.
pulse pressure
difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure.
rales
abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration.
rhonchi
abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms.
secondary hypertension
elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition.
sinus arrhythmia
irregular heartbeat originating in the sinoatrial node.
spirometer
instrument that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air.
stertorous
describes a strenuous respiratory effort that has a snoring sound.
syncope
fainting; a brief lapse in consciousness.
tachycardia
rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 beats per minutes
tachypnea
respirations that are rapid and shallow; hyperventilation.
thready
describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible.
vertigo
dizziness