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130 terms

SCIENCE2016-2017

STUDY
PLAY
centimeter
a metric unit on a ruler. There are 10mm in 1cm.
millimeter
a metric unit ON A RULER
seed
a plant part contains an embryo and the food that it will need to grow into a new plant.
diameter
is a line that goes through the center of a circle.
observation
to observe an object over a period of time
flower
the part of a flowering plant that contains the organs of reproduction and is able to produce seeds.
seed
a plant part contains an embryo and the food that it will need to grow into a new plant.
roots
a part of a plant that usually grown under ground. They help keep the plant in place, absorb minerals + water and store food that is made by the leaves.
leaf
a usually flat green plant part that grows on a stem or stalk and makes food through photosynthesis.
milliliter
the metric unit used to find the volume of liquids in a measuring cup or a graduated cylinder
measuring cup
this is used to find volume of liquids in a glass
volume
the amount of space that takes up space.
germination
the sprouting of a seed, spore or bud.
photosynthesis
the process in which the plant makes food from sunlight .
chlorophyll
plant get their green color from chlorophyll. It helps plants use energy from the sun to make food
seedling
a young plant.
Seeds have their own food.
disperse
to spread out or move away by wind, water , animals and humans, bird and animal droppings.
pollen
powdery grains that pollinate other flowers.
mass
is the weight of any given object
gram
is a metric used to find the mass of an object, this is used with the balance.
beaker
a wide ream glass with a spout
balance scale
used to find the mass or weight of of an object
pan balance
a measuring instrument used to find the weight or mass of an object
camouflage
coloring of body shape that protects an animal by making it look like its surroundings so it can hide from predators or prey
Green turtle shell in the tall green grass
hibernation
to pass the winter in a state of inactivity that is similar to sleep. Animals that hibernate usually live in cold climates.
bears
migration
traveling from one place to another at regular times of the year often over long distances.
birds
circuit
a path that electricity flows through
open circuit
a circuit that is not complete and will not allow electricity to flow through it
closed circuit
a circuit in which the electricity flows through the complete circuit and will turn on the light bulb
insulator
any object that does NOT allow electricity to go through it
magnet
a material that attracts other objects
Are all metal attracted to magnets?
NO they need to have iron in the metal
conductor
any objects that allow electricity to flow through it
life cycle
the series of changes or stages in the life of a plant or animal.
lifespan
the length of time between the birth and death of an organism.
for example: an elephant --60 years
life cycle of a butterfly
egg--caterpillar--pupa--butterfly
metamorphosis
a complete change in the appearance or form of an animal during its development into an adult.
extinct
no longer existing or living like the dodo bird and dinosaurs
life cycle of a frog
an egg, tadpole young frog, adult frog
endangered
in danger of becoming extinct
adaptation
a special feature that helps an animal survive
mimicry
the ability of a living thing to look like another living thing or its surroundings
traits
features that plants and animals inherit.
(example: eye color, skin color, short or tall)
inherit
traits that we get from our parents
(example: eye color, skin color, hair color)
learned trait
acquired trait
traits we learn throughout our life
(example: walking, riding a bike)
inherited trait
traits that we get from our parents
instinct
a way of behaving that is natural and automatic rather than learned
habitat
the area in which an animal or plant lives.
shelter
an area that provides protection for living things.
ecosystem
all living things in the community and the environment in which they live
rain forest
a thick evergreen forest that receives high amount of rain. Most are found in the tropics along the equator
grassland
a large, plain full of grass with few or no trees
predator
an animal that hunts and kills another animal for food
prey
an animal that is hunted by another animal
shivering
to tremble or shake when cold
behavior
the way in which living things act in response to their environment
organism
a single form of life such as a plant , animal or fungus that is able to grow and reproduce
shedding
the removal of fur, skin or scales
trial
to do something over and over, many tries
graduated cylinder
a scientific tool used to find the volume of liquid
recycle
to collect and reuse materials such as plastic, paper, metal and glass
hand lens
a tool used to magnify objects--magnifying glass
food
what a consumer eats
food web
it's a group of food chains
food chain
a transfer of energy or movement of energy from one organism to another
consumer
anything that cannot make its own food. All animals are this
producer
a living thing that makes its own food. all plants and trees are this
environment
the surroundings and conditions that living things grow and develop.
example: Forest--animals, trees, plants, and other organisms
tropism
growth or turning of a plant or animal toward or away from a source of light or heat.
Parts of a seed
seed coat
seed cover
embryo
freezing point of water C/F
32 degrees Fahrenheit
0 degrees Celsius
boiling point of water C/F
212 degrees Fahrenheit
100 degrees Celsius
conductivity
a property or power to conduct heat, electricity or sound. Can be done through wires and metal.
food pyramid
the order that animals eat each other or pass energy to each other in the food chain.
decomposer
a living thing that eats dead plants and animals like bacteria and fungi
decomposition
to breakdown. to rot
overpopulation
when there are too many of one type of species of animal.
salivating
to produce extra saliva, spit
herbivore
a consumer that only eats plants
carnivore
a consumer that only eats other animals
omnivore
a consumer that eats both plants and animals
population
A group of animals and plants that are living in the same place at the same time.
community
All the populations that live together.
habitat
The area in which a plant or animal lives.
run off
Water from the rain that travels above the soil and goes down the mountain or hill.
delta
Soil that is laid down at the mouth of a river or a lake. Example: Mississippi River
landform
Natural formations of land on earth's surface. Like mountains, hills, cliffs
glacier
A very large sheet of ice that moves slowly over time.
volcano
An opening in the Earth in which magma comes out of the opening and turns to lava.
mountain
Land that is much higher than the surrounding land.
plateau
Land that is higher than any other land and is flat at the top.
plains
Large surface of flat land. Found in the Western part of the US.
weathering
the BREAKING up of rocks into soil, sand and other smaller pieces. It caused by freezing ice, growing roots and strong winds.
erosion
the MOVEMENT of sand, rocks or soil caused by wind, water or ice freezing.
soil
made up of dead plants and animals as well as small rocks.
hummus
is made up of decayed plants and animals.
soil layers
topsoil
subsoil
bedrock
loam
is very rich type of topsoil with a lot of hummus.
earthquake
the shaking and the movement of the Earth's surface.
bedrock
This is found underneath the subsoil and consists of solid rock.
topsoil
the layer of soil found closest to the Earth and has small grains of soil.
subsoil
this is found underneath the top soil and contains large grains of soil.
hill
a geographical landform that is little higher than the surrounding land.
valley
is a lowland that is found between two or more mountains.
texture
how the surface of a substance feels.
sort
to group objects according to their features.
temperature
the measure of hot or cold an object is at any moment.
properties
a special quality or character of an object.
properties of matter
anything that you can observe about an object using your sense. Mass, size, texture, color and shape.
positive
a good outcome
negative
bad outcome like pollution or overpopulation
hypothesis
to make a prediction or a guess. This is used by scientists and for science projects.
substance
a material that occupies space like fluids.
water cycle
the continuous movement of water throughout the atmosphere
weather
the condition of the atmosphere at any given moment.
precipitation
is the water that returns to Earth as rain, sleet, snow or hail.
condensation
when the water vapor changes from a gas to a liquid and form clouds.
evaporation
when the water vapor rises into the atmosphere.
groundwater
rain or melted snow that is collected underneath.
tornado
a fast moving funnel shaped cloud
hurricane
a storm that is less powerful than a tornado but still causes damage
anemometer
this tells us the wind speed at any given moment
barometer
is a tool used to tell us if its going to be cloudy, sunny or if it will rain
rain gauge
this indicates how much rain has fallen on any given time period
revolution
the Earth revolves around the Sun on its axis
seasons
this is caused by the revolution of the Earth around the sun and the tilting of the Earth axis.
phases of the moon
this is caused by the by the revolution of the moon around the Earth
day
the Earth is lit up by the sun
night
opposite of day
axis
an imaginary line through the Earth's center that goes from the North Pole to the South Pole