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Microbiology Chapters 9,10 & 11 Review

STUDY
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Staphylococcus aureus
organisms commonly found in the normal flora of the respiratory tract
mutualism
type of symbiosis that benefit both members
impetigo
acute infection generally caused by group A Streptococcus
Tuberculosis
caused by an organism of the genus Mycobacterium
lower respiratory system
trachea, bronchi, lungs
Subcutaneous mycoses
occur predominantly in the tropics
contamination
presence of microbes in or on the body
mixed infection
infection in which several infectious agents establish themselves at the same time
Human papillomavirus
causes warts
Streptococcus pyogenes
Gram + bacteria
Toxic shock syndrome
and other skin infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus
Strep throat
caused by Streptococcus pyogenes
nosocomial infections
aka health care associated infections
Langerhans cells
located in the epidermis, play a role in defense against microbes
Leprosy
caused by Mycobacterium leprae
Rheumatic fever
rare complication of Strep throat
virulence factors
colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesion
mycoses
aka fungal infections
pathogen
microorganism capable of causing disease
parasitism
relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed
bacterial endotoxins
are components of the gram - cell wall
dermatophytes
important fungi that causes diseases of the skin, hair, and nails
normal flora
mouth, urethra, and vagina
virulence
degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has
Smallpox
acute, highly contagious disease caused by the Variols virus of the Orthopoxvirus family
vehicle transmission
airborne, bodily fluid, foodborne
Haemophilus Influenza
is a gram-negative coccobacillus and a common cause of bronchiolitis in children, bronchitis in adults, and occasionally meningitis
Subcutaneous, GI, Inhilation
List the three forms of anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis
Gram-negative encapsulated bacillus
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a :
Scalp
Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the:
Amensalism
The mold that produces penicillin is an example of:
dermis
papillary layer of the skin
Candida albicans
causes diaper rash in infants
Chlamydia psittaci
causes parrot fever
iatrogenic infections
infections that may result from the use of catheters
Streptococcus pyogenes
organism often called flesh eating bacteria
jock itch
tinea infection in the groin area
Bacillus anthracis
causes Anthrax
endemic
generally present in a given population
common cold
should not be treated with antibiotics
transient flora
flora found in the same location as resident flora, but that remains only for a given amount of time
Tuberculosis
usually transmitted by talking, sneezing, and coughing
Chromoblastomycosis
chronic localized subcutaneous infection characterized by verrucoid lesions on the skin
Varicella-Zoster
causes chicken pox and shingles
Coronavirus
causes SARS
Whooping cough
caused by Bordetella pertussis
Coccidiodes immitis
Arizona is the geographic area that contains reservoirs for this agent
Hantavirus
causes diseases in humans, carried by rodents
Human flu virus type A
most virulent pathogen of the human flu
Tinea pedis
aka Athlete's foot
HSV - 1
herpes infection on lips and mouth
Scarlet fever
often associated with strawberry tongue and caused by Streptococcus pyogenes
Pulmonary aspergillosis
formation of fungus ball within preexisting cavities
portal of entry for pathogens
most frequently used is the respiratory tract
Commensalism
symbiotic relationship in which one of the organisms benefits and the other is not harmed or helped
focal infection
pathogen spreads from the original site to other tissues or organs
Propionibacterium acnes
causes acne