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Staphylococcus aureus

organisms commonly found in the normal flora of the respiratory tract


type of symbiosis that benefit both members


acute infection generally caused by group A Streptococcus


caused by an organism of the genus Mycobacterium

lower respiratory system

trachea, bronchi, lungs

Subcutaneous mycoses

occur predominantly in the tropics


presence of microbes in or on the body

mixed infection

infection in which several infectious agents establish themselves at the same time

Human papillomavirus

causes warts

Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram + bacteria

Toxic shock syndrome

and other skin infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus

Strep throat

caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

nosocomial infections

aka health care associated infections

Langerhans cells

located in the epidermis, play a role in defense against microbes


caused by Mycobacterium leprae

Rheumatic fever

rare complication of Strep throat

virulence factors

colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesion


aka fungal infections


microorganism capable of causing disease


relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed

bacterial endotoxins

are components of the gram - cell wall


important fungi that causes diseases of the skin, hair, and nails

normal flora

mouth, urethra, and vagina


degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has


acute, highly contagious disease caused by the Variols virus of the Orthopoxvirus family

vehicle transmission

airborne, bodily fluid, foodborne

Haemophilus Influenza

is a gram-negative coccobacillus and a common cause of bronchiolitis in children, bronchitis in adults, and occasionally meningitis

Subcutaneous, GI, Inhilation

List the three forms of anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis

Gram-negative encapsulated bacillus

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a :


Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the:


The mold that produces penicillin is an example of:


papillary layer of the skin

Candida albicans

causes diaper rash in infants

Chlamydia psittaci

causes parrot fever

iatrogenic infections

infections that may result from the use of catheters

Streptococcus pyogenes

organism often called flesh eating bacteria

jock itch

tinea infection in the groin area

Bacillus anthracis

causes Anthrax


generally present in a given population

common cold

should not be treated with antibiotics

transient flora

flora found in the same location as resident flora, but that remains only for a given amount of time


usually transmitted by talking, sneezing, and coughing


chronic localized subcutaneous infection characterized by verrucoid lesions on the skin


causes chicken pox and shingles


causes SARS

Whooping cough

caused by Bordetella pertussis

Coccidiodes immitis

Arizona is the geographic area that contains reservoirs for this agent


causes diseases in humans, carried by rodents

Human flu virus type A

most virulent pathogen of the human flu

Tinea pedis

aka Athlete's foot

HSV - 1

herpes infection on lips and mouth

Scarlet fever

often associated with strawberry tongue and caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

Pulmonary aspergillosis

formation of fungus ball within preexisting cavities

portal of entry for pathogens

most frequently used is the respiratory tract


symbiotic relationship in which one of the organisms benefits and the other is not harmed or helped

focal infection

pathogen spreads from the original site to other tissues or organs

Propionibacterium acnes

causes acne

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