AP US History 'Isms'
All the 'isms' of AP US History that our teacher wanted us to know. More examples later...
Terms in this set (32)
a political theory favoring the abolition of governments
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
ex. Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto,
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations
ex. used by all the rich people (Rockefeller, Vanderbilt etc.)
an economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all.
ex. Eugene V. Debs, American Federation of Labor, the Knights of Labor
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other or a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
ex. 1840's and 1850's in response to the influx of Irish and German Catholics.
a devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a whole
ex. political struggle over slavery, The Missouri Compromise of 1820
a nineteenth-century movement in the Romantic tradition, which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition, which transcends reason and sensory experience.
ex. Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson
Religious belief that says God created the world and lets it run itself by natural law
ex. Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, and Paine were deists, Frank Lloyd Wright
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
ex. the 50 states have their own governments etc. but there is also a national power
Second Great Awakening led to it. Revived a great faith in Christianity with more Americans belonging to the church. HS: Led to more people advocating equal rights such as blacks and women.
The theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
ex. particularly used in economics, Herbert Spencer/William Sumner applied idea
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by exporting more than importing
ex. US and Great Britain
The system, doctrine, and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.
ex. Doesn't really need examples, does it?
Farm-based movement of the late 1800s that arose mainly in the area from Texas to the Dakotas and grew into a joint effort between farmer and labor groups against big business and machine-based politics. The movement became a third party in the election of 1892.
ex. James Weaver, Thomas Watson, wanted 8 hour work days, regulation of railroads, increased coinage of silver
The movement in the late 1800s to increase democracy in America by curbing the power of the corporation. It fought to end corruption in government and business, and worked to bring equal rights of women and other groups that had been left behind during the industrial revolution.
ex. supported by urban mid. class, doctors, lawyers, white collar office workers, ministers, storekeepers
(philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
ex. William James, John Dewey
the theory that an increasing consumption of goods is economically beneficial
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be
ex. brought on by societal changes such as the aftermath of the Civil War in the United States and the emergence of Darwin's Theory of Evolution
a nineteenth-century literary movement that was an extension of realism and that claimed to portray life exactly as it was.
A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes.
This was the political idea in which the people regarded tradition as the basic source of human institutions and the proper state and society remained those before the French Revolution which rested on a judicious blend on monarchy, bureaucracy, aristocracy, and respectful commoners
form of Protestant church government in which the local congregation is independent and self-governing
Period of colonial expansion undertaken by European nations, and subsequently by Japan and the US, during the last quarter of the nineteenth century
ex. US and the Philippines, Europe's Scramble for Africa, US and Cuba and the Cuban revolt, Suez Canal
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Darwin's concept of the survival of the fittest applied to competition among nations. In the international arena, the US had to demonstrate its strength by acquiring territories overseas.
ex. Again,US and Philippines and US and Cuba, think Pan-Americanism
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
ex. against Chinese, immigrants
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
ex. Spanish-American War