37 terms

FTCE Professional


Terms in this set (...)

includes objectives that focus on thinking capabilities
includes objectives that focus on feelings, values, and dispositions
includes objectives that focus on manual, athletic, and other physical skills
Cooperative Learning
engages students in the process of learning
recognition, individual accountability, and equal opportunity for success
Direct Instruction
teacher centered instructional approach. Includes lesson broken down into smaller units, sequenced intentionally and taught explicitly
Problem Based Learning
student centered pedagogy, students learn paralellism about a subject through experience of problem solving
Multicultural Education
content integration, knowledge construction, equity pedagogy, prejudice reduction, and empowerment of school culture
Sensorimotor Stage
Birth through ages 18-24 months
infants focus on what is in front of them and begin to realize that an object exists even if it is not seen
Preoperational Stage
toddlerhood (18-24 months) through age 7
able to think about things symbolically, language becomes more mature, memory, imagination
Concrete Operational Stage
ages 7-12
demonstrate logical, concrete reasoning, less egocentric more aware of the world
Formal Operational Stage
adolescence through adulthood
able to logically use symbols related to abstract concepts, think about multiple variables in systemic ways
Deductive thinking
requires students to take one or more general statements and then work their way down to a more specific conclusion
Inductive thinking
requires students to take specific facts and use them to develop a general conclusion
Creative Thinking
requires students to produce original, creative material, for example to write a short story
Cognitive thinking
requires academic skills such as remembering, visually processing material, and reasoning
Parallel thinking
requires students to work together to address a subject rather than to argue against each other
Convergent questioning
requires a students to converge on one answer, lower level thinking
Divergent questioning
requires critical thinking, allows for students to generate multiple answers to a defined question, higher order thinking skills
Ivan Pavlov
theory focuses on classical conditioning, and concepts focus on pairing of neutral stimuli with unconditioned stimuli resulting in learning a conditioned response
E.L. Thorndike
theory focuses on the law of effect, and concepts focus on the idea that behaviors resulting in favorable consequences are likely to be repeated
B.F. Skinner
theory focuses on operant conditioning and concepts focus on the idea that behavior which is reinforced is more likely to be repeated
Premack principle
pairs undesirable behaviors with desirable acts, is engaged frequently to engage students in the latter
instructional or test adaptations
changing the target skill or the construct of the learning occurring
Mind Mapping
a method of visual note taking that helps students organize information in unique and personal ways
the process of stating ideas in a concise, precise form
Differentiated Instruction
taking diverse student factors into account when planning and delivering instruction
Achievement test
standardized test designed to efficiently measure the amount of knowledge and or skill a person has acquired
Analytic scoring
type of rubric scoring that separates the whole into categories of criteria that are examined one at a time
Authentic assessment
meaningful and valueable, and are a part of the learning process
student performance standards of student competence in a content area
Cognitive objective
a learning objective that has three main components: the condition, behavior, and degree
Competency test
a test intended to establish that a student has met established minimum standards of skills and knowledge
Criterion-referenced test
test in which the results can be used to determine a students progress toward mastery of a content area
Holistic method
assigning a single score based on an overall assessment of performance rather than by scoring or analyzing dimensions individually
the knowledge of one's own thinking processes and strategies and the ability to reflect
Norm-referenced test
a test in which a students or a groups performance is compared to that of a norm group