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13 terms

25.4: Liver, Gallbladder & Bile

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Liver
What is the body's largest gland?
right, left, quadrate, caudate
Name the four lobes of the liver:
Falciform ligament
The sheet of mesentery that suspends the liver from the diaphragm and anterior abdominal wall and divides the right and left lobes is called the:
Round ligament (ligament teres)
The fibrous remnant of the umbilical vein, which carries blood from the umbilical cord to the liver of a fetus:
Porta hepatis
An irregular opening between the caudate and quadrate lobes that serves as an entry point for the hepatic portal vein and proper hepatic artery and a point of exit for the bile passages:
hepatic lobules
Small functional units of the liver that are positioned in such a way that allows blood from the stomach and intestines to flow through their hepatic sinusoids to interact with the digested food:
Hepatic sinusoids
The spaces between the hepatocyte plates are blood-filled channels called:
Stomach, intestines
Blood filtering through the sinusoids comes directly from what 2 organs?
Hepatocytes
What type of cells absorb glucose, amino acids, iron, vitamins, and other nutrients for metabolism or storage; remove and degrade hormones, toxins, bile pigments, and drugs; secrete albumin, lipoproteins, clotting factors, angiotensinogen, and other products into the blood; break down stored glycogen and release glucose into the circulation? ...Whew!
Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells)
What are the phagocytic cells called that the sinusoids use to remove bacteria and debris from the blood?
Hepatic Ducts, Common Hepatic Duct, Cystic Duct, Bile Duct, Hepatopancreatic Ampulla, Sphincter of Oddi
List the flow of bile from the hepatic ducts to the sphincter of Oddi! (6 steps)
Minerals, cholesterol, neutral fats, phospholipids, bile pigments, bile acids, waste
What are the components of bile?
Store and concentrate bile
What is the function of the gallbladder?