43 terms

Traditions and Encounters Ch. 32


Terms in this set (...)

Hong Xiuquan
the leader of the Taiping Rebellion was?
Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace
in 1851, Hong Xiuquan proclaimed his own dynasty, the Taiping tianguo, which meant?
the most significant territorial loss for the Ottomans was?
the general who built a powerful army based on European forces and ruled egypt- remained nominally subordinate to the Ottoman sultan
Muhammad Ali was?
Ottoman Empire
the capitulations were unfair trading agreements between the western Europeans and the?
IS: exempted European visitors from ottoman law, provided Europe with extraterritoriality, permitted foreign governments to levy duties on goods sold in Ottoman ports
which of the following statement is not true about the capitulations?
embarked on a program to remodel his army along the lines of European forces. reform continued from earlier- limit tax, increase ag. prod. end corruption
in the early 19th century, the Ottoman Sultan Selim III?
Mahmud II
what was the name of the sultan, who, in 1826, had mutinous Janissaries slaughtered and thus open the door for further reform within the Ottoman Empire?
WAS:capitulations lifted, new civil code, commercial code, penal code, maritime code, (N-C,SPM) public trials guaranteed, equality before the law, education reform
which of the following is not a reform proposed in the Tanzimat era?
a group who agitated for individual freedom, local autonomy, and political decentralization
the Young Ottomans were?
was pushed to accept a constitution and establish rep.government-- within a year; suspended constitution, ruled autocratically for 30 years, developed army/admin. according to Tanzimat principles
Sultan Abdul Hamid II?
was: universal suffrage, equality before the law, freedom of religion, free public education, secularization of the state, emancipation of women
which of the following was not one of the leading principles of the Young Turks?
making Turkish the official language of the empire
which of the following Young Turk proposals caused the most dissension in the empire?
Proclamation of the Young Turks
the stipulation, "In order to obtain for Ottoman citizens an education of a homogeneous and uniform character, the official schools will be open, their instruction will be free, and all nationalities will be admitted," is from what document?
Crimean War
which of the following accounts for beginning of the social reform movement in Russia in the 19th century?
a defeat in the Crimean War stopped expansion by the?
emancipation of the serfs
the key to social reform in Russia was?
Tsar Alexander II
the Russian serfs were emancipated by?
a few peasants prospered as a result of emancipation, but most found themselves in debt for the rest of their lives./ resulted in little if any increase in ag. production
the emancipation of the Russian serfs..?
or elected district assemblies
as part of the Russian reforms, during the reign of Alexander II the government created zemstvos..?
Count Sergei Witte, minister of finance
the prime mover behind russian industrialization was?
a massive program of railway construction
the centerpiece of Sergei Witte's Russian industrial policy was?
were miserable
the working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St. Petersburg and Moscow?
the Land and Freedom Party
Tsar Alexander II was assassinated in 1881 by?
championed oppression and police control and embarked on expansionist ventures in east Asia
after the assassination of Alexander II, his successor Nicholas II..?
a Japanese surprise attack on the Russian naval squadron at Port Arthur in February 1904
the decisive factor in the Russo-Japanese War was?
led to revolution and the establishment of the Duma, Russia's first parliamentary institution
the 1905 Bloody Sunday massacre eventually..?
was given the task of destroying the opium trade
Lin Zexu?
British commercial agents pressed their government into a military retaliation designed to reopen the opium trade
the decisive point in the Opium War was?
the Opium War ended the signing of the Treaty of?
Lin Zexu
who wrote, "as months accumulate and years pass by, the poison they have produced increases in its wicked intensity, and its repugnant odor reaches as high as the sky"?
was: Nian, Muslim, Tungan, Taiping
which of the following was not a rebellion that threatened China in the 19th century?
was: abolition of private property, creation of communal wealth to be shared according to needs, prohibition of footbinding/concubinage,free public education, literacy for the masses, simplification of written language
which of the following was not one of the principles of the Taiping Rebellion?
the Self-Strengthening Movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in?
empress dowager Cixi
for most of the last 50 years of the Qing dynasty, China was ruled by?
distrust among the foreign powers
by the end of the 19th century, the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was?
Hundred Days Reform
Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao were the leaders of the?
140,000 Boxers
in 1900, foreign embassies in China were besieged by?
a fleet of US warships
Japan was forcibly opened to foreign trade in 1853 by the?
they wanted to obtain the knowledge and expertise to strengthen the Japanese and win revisions of unequal treaties
the Meiji reformers actively copied the western Europeans and Americans because?
Emperor Meiji
which one of the following leaders played a major role in the Meiji Restoration?
was: centralize political power, abolition of daimyo/samurai classes, converted grain tax into a fixed-money tax, constitution limited authority of the Diet (monarchy with legislature), emperor had right to dissolve parliament, remodeling the economy (telegraph, railroad, abolished tariffs, etc)
which of the following was not one of the foundations of the Meiji Restoration?
the Chinese and Russian empires
the event that best displayed Japan's rise to the level of a world power was their victory in?