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27 terms

Mr Byvik's Civics Unit 1 (SOL CE2.a,2.b,2.c)

Review key vocabulary and concepts for Virginia SOL CE2
STUDY
PLAY
The 3 purposes of Government
Provide Public goods and services, Keep order, Protect citizens
rule of law
The government and those who govern are bound by the law.
consent of the governed
People are the source of any and all government power.
limited government
The government is not all powerful and can do only those things that the people have allowed it to do.
representative government
People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.
Democracy
form of government in which the people rule and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
We the people
ALL citizens of the United States of America and the beginning of the Preamble of the US Constitution
Citizen
A legally recognized member of a country
Aliens
People who have left a foreign country and come to the U.S. legally
14th Amendment
Defines citizenship, protects individual rights
Naturalization process
1)File and application
2)Take the Naturalization Exam
3)Court hearing
Citizenship requirements
18 years old, lived in the USA for at least 5 years, Good moral Character, Read, write, speak and understand English. Basic knowledge of US history and Gov. Take an Oath of Allegiance
Traits of a good citizen
Trustworthy, honest, Courtesy and respect for others rights. Responsibility, accountability and self-reliance. Respect for the law. Patriotism
Duties of a Citizen
Obey the law, Attend School, Pay taxes, Serve in the Military, Appear in court
Responsibility
Vote, Be informed, Take part in Gov, Help in community, Respect and protect the rights of others
Charters of the Virginia Company of London
stated that the rights of the English men were
guaranteed to colonists
Virginia Declaration of Rights
served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the Constitution of the United States of America
Virginia Statute of Religious Freedoms
established freedom of religious beliefs and opinions
Declaration of Independence
Stated grievances against the king of Great Britain
Declared the colonies' independence from Great Britain
Affirmed "certain unalienable rights" (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness)
Established the ideas that all people are equal under the law
Articles of Confederation
Established the first form of national government for the independent states
Maintained that major powers resided with individual states
Weakness of central government (no power to tax and enforce laws) led to the writing of the U.S. Constitution
Preamble
the opening section of the Constitution that expresses the reasons it was written
Constitution of the United States
Establishes the structure of the United States government
Guarantees equality under the law with majority rule and the rights of the minority protected
Affirms individual worth and dignity of all people
Protects the fundamental freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
unalienable rights
rights that cannot be taken away
domestic tranquility
to maintain peace and order, keeping citizens and their property safe from harm
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States
Equality under the law
All citizens are treated equally regardless of status
Minority
a group differing, especially in race, religion, or ethnic background, from the majority of a population

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