31 terms

Combo with Science Human Body Systems with pictures and 1 other

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Integumentary System
*Skin
*Epidermis has dead skin cells on it
*Includes oil glands and melanocytes
Integumentary System
*Helps regulate body temperature by sweating
*Part of the excretory system by removing salt and water in sweat.
Integumentary System
*Forms a protective covering around the body
*Protects the body from foreign invaders
Skeletal System
*Bones
*Includes ligaments and periosteum
*Gives the body shape and support
Skeletal system
*Protects organs like heart and lungs
Skeletal system
*Produces red and white blood cells in marrow
*Makes blood cells for the circulatory system
*Contains red marrow
Cardiac muscle
The heart
Skeletal muscles
Muscles that attach to the bones to make them move
Muscular system
All the muscles in the body. Different types are:
cardiac
skeletal
smooth
Integumentary system
Forms Vitamin D in the presence of sunlight
Integumentary system
*Sensory organ for temperature, touch and pressure
*Part of the nervous system - has billions of nerve cells for the sense of touch
Skeletal system
*Stores calcium and phosphorous
Skeletal system
*Bones attach to muscles to make them move
Involuntary muscles
Muscles that we do not control like heart and lungs. They work on their own.
Voluntary muscles
Muscles we DO control like our arms and legs.
Tendons
Attach muscles to bones
Cartilage
Cushion between bones to keep them from rubbing together.
Muscular system
*Helps generate body heat
*Controls the digestive and respiratory systems
organ system
group of organs that work together to perform a specific function
organ
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
tissue
a part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
skeletal system
The bodily system that consists of the bones, their associated cartilages, and the joints, and supports and protects the body, produces blood cells in the marrow, and stores minerals.
muscular system
The bodily system that is composed of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle tissue and functions in movement of the body or of materials through the body, maintenance of posture, and heat production.
Skin
a natural protective covering of the body
circulatory system
the organs and tissues involved in circulating blood and lymph through the body
respiratory system
the system for taking in oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide, though breathing
excretory system
group of organs including the kidneys, liver, skin, large intestine and lungs that purify the body by the elimination of waste matter
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems
endocrine system
the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
immune system
a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response