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20 terms

Poetry Terms

Poetry terms to be familiar with for testing purposes.
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alliteration
the repeating of the beginning consonant sounds as in "creamy, crunchy"
couplet
two lines of poetry that rhyme and usually contain one complete idea
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration to clarify meaning
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things that do not include the words "like" or "as"
meter
a pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in the lines of traditional poetry
onomatopoeia
is the use of a word whose sound makes you think of its meaning as in "buzz", "swish", "zigzag"
personification
is a form of figurative language in which an object, idea, or animal is given the characteristics of a person
refrain
is a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
simile
comparison of two different things using comparing words such as "like" or "as"
stanza
a division or section of a poem named for the quantity of lines it contains; for instance, the couplet is two line stanza, the triplet, a three line stanza
symbol
is anything that stands for or represents something else. For example, a dove with an olive branch is a symbol of peace
verse
a line of traditional poetry written in meter. It may be a complete sentence but most of the time it is only part of a sentence.
acrostic
A poem or series of lines in which certain letters form a name or message
TRASH
Takes a
Really
Astounding
Stomach to
Handle this mess.
clerihew
a form of poetry that is humorous or light in verse. Consists of 2 rhyming couplets where the name of a well-known person creates one of the rhymes.

The enemy of Harry Potter
Was a scheming plotter.
I can't tell you what he's called; I'd be ashamed
To name "he who must not be named".
concrete poem
concrete poem - poetry is a form in which the shape or design helps express the meaning or feeling of the poem.
STOWaWAY- Robert Carola
diamonte
a poem dealing with opposites containing 7 lines.
Puppy
Pudgy, Bouncy
Wiggling, Chewing, Squealing
Soft, Fat tummy, Tall, Lean
Sleeping, Barking, Hunting
Loyal, Patient
Dog
free verse
is not written in any special form and does not require rhyme.
Fog
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on. - Carl Sandburg
haiku
a type of Japanese poetry which presents a picture of nature in 3 lines - 5 syllables /7 syllables /5 syllables.

all summer long
the sixteen-story crane
bows and bows - J. Patrick Lewis
limerick
a humorous 5 line verse. Lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and have 3 stressed syllables. Lines 3 and 4 rhyme.

A lady who loved the trombone
Was lucky she lived all alone.
When she started to play,
Her friends stayed away,
And left her to sputter and moan.
narrative
a poem that tells a story and has a plot

Listen, my children, and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-Five;
Hardly a man is now alive
Who remembers that famous day and year.

This is only a portion of the poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow