68 terms

Intro to Theatre - Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

four types of theater(s)
- commercial
- residence
- community
- educational
educational theater
to teach the students in a safe environment
commercial theater
want to make money, musicals, shows based on movies
community theater
to have fun with the social interaction of the community, make enough money to put on another show
resident theater
to challenge artistically, make enough money to do another show, family of artists
close aesthetic
1st person
proscenium space
most technical capabilities, musicals and operas, audience on one side, greatest amount of aesthetic distance
watching action through the imaginary 4th wall
no interaction with audience
thrust stage
constant movement, audience becomes large factor, closer, not a lot of technical elements, most props minimal/short
arena stage
theatre in the round, least amount of tech, aesthetic is very close - least amount, can do a two person show
alley stage
runway, audience on two sides, intimate
black box theater
seats move, color neutral, economical, challenge tradition, focus on story and actors
environmental theater
taking show to the people, most creative, street performance
things the playwright do:
1. Select subject - always about humanity
2. Create focus
3. Create meaning - created by audience
4. Create action - message communicated through action
5. Create conflict - creates interest
6. Create dramatic characters - extra ordinary, representative, narrator, chorus, non human
7. Create structure
purpose of theatre
to tell a story, to entertain, to inspire, to escape, to teach a lesson, to persuade
Why we need conflict
to create interest, reveals personality of the character, need to see conflict in order for audience to relate
Why we need action
message is communicated through action, audience comes to see action of the story, action keeps the audience engaged
drama
to do or to act
two types of structure
1. climatic structure
2. episodic structure
climatic structure
logical, cause and effect, small number of characters, one locations (very few), tv sitcom, one main story
episodic structure
doesn't have to follow cause/effect, doesn't have to be logical, can jump forward and backward in time, large number of characters, many locations, multiple stories, multiple climax, requires more involvement and imagination from audience
actor's main job
be believable
qualities of the actor
dependability, transformation, expressive voice, stage presence, *energy (hook), imagination, must believe to make believe, confidence, talent = stage presence = believeable
3 tools of actor
1. voice - projection of voice, diction, voice classes
2. body - dance, yoga, ballet, movement - stage combat
3. mind - improvisation (creativity), script analysis, dramatic literature
projection
ability of the actor to make themselves heard, voice and sound of actor, using the diaphram
job of director
1. to tell a clear story (primary job)
2. coordinate production
3. channels ideas, interprets play
prop
anything an actor can handle or use on stage
set dressing
create realism of location
job of the stage manager
communication coordinated, runs auditions, set up rehearsal room/space, record blocking during rehearsal
primary job of the stage manager
runs show on nightly basis, maintains artistic quality of the show, call cues for show
cues
signifies any change on stage
producer
*money, publicity, secure rights for the show to show, hire and fire anyone
design areas that help to tell a story
scenery, costume, lighting, sound
elements of design
building blocks of design used by each design area
Line
element of design, gives us shape, silhouette, form
- used to communicate emotion
mass
perceived volume
composition
arrangement of elements on stage
- used to help clarify story
*color
can establish mood
- used to make emotional association
texture
how something feels
- more texture, look at it longer to understand
- more light, creates flatness
scenic design
- connects story to visual picture
- establish the personality of inhabitants
- establish time, season, year (period)
- establishes socioeconomic status
- established occupation
process of scenic design
1. read script (3X)
2. meet with director - *share a vision
3. research to find time period/details
4. start sketching - *used to communicate with the director
5. ground plan
6. rendering
7. build set
8. special effects
ground plan
footprint of the set in the theatre
rendering
sketch that contains color
Job of the technical director (TD)
- build show
- build model - for blocking
- ensure safety of actors on the set
what clothes say about the wearer
- position/status
- gender
- occupation
- modesty
- structure
- occasion
objective of stage costumes
- establish tone/style of production
- convey historical period/locale - or not
- demonstrate the nature of individual
- delineate (show) the relationship among characters
- meet performers needs
How stage costumes can demonstrate the nature of individual
*shows change
ex: unbuttoning shirt - changing roles
How stage costumes meet performers needs
dance, combat, quick clothing changes
resources of the costume designer:
- line, shape, silhouette
- color
- fabric
- accessories
drape
ex. denim - holds shape, looks heavy // silk - doesn't hold shape, looks soft
costume design process:
- read play for overall idea (3X)
- read play for specific costume references and create detailed costume plot
- meet with director, discuss concept
- research - there to inform director
- sketching - primary means for final look
- rendering - color, what you will see during performance
- draft patterns - measure everything
- mock-ups / muslins
- build costumes
- fittings
use of the costume plot
used to determine how many changes are necessary
muslin
mock up of garment, becomes the pattern for the costume, can be adjusted
costume shop manager
ensure garments ready on time, keep shop running
function of lighting design
1. provide visibility
2. mood/tone
3. create movement - create focus/composition
4. establish visual style
5. establish locale
6. establish time
intensity
how bright or dim the light is, controlled with a dimmer
gel
used to create color in theatre
gobo
used to create shapes of light, metal stencil
light plot
- indicate where lighting instrument should be hung in theatre
- tells what color gel is in instrument
- tells what type of instrument it is
two categories of sound design:
1. environmental
2. motivated sounds
environmental sounds
added to enhance realism of scene
motivated sounds
required by script in order to keep the action of the play moving
four functions of sound
1. framing effect
2. spot effect
3. under scoring
4. transitional sound
framing effect of sound
music pre show, post show, and intermission
spot effect of sound
used to support a key moment, sound effect - special effect
underscoring of sound
- helps reinforce story without dialogue
- shouldn't distract, should enhance the action/mood - not pull action
transitional sound
- helps to keep audience engaged during transition on stage
- helps to connect scene (sections) together
reinforcement of sound
- reinforcing the voice or sound of the actor with mic
- used to balance music sound
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