21 terms

Humanities 7 Term 3 Review

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refugee
according to the United Nations someone fleeing their country of origin for fear of persecution (for religious, racial, ethnic reasons), are outside their home country, and are unwilling to return home
partition
dividing up a country into separate areas (of government)
weapons of mass destruction
chemical, nuclear/radioactive, or biological weapons capable of widespread destruction and harm/death
terrorism
the use of violence and intimidation for political aims
apartheid
the legal system of segregation in South Africa from 1948-1994 used to separate Blacks, whites, and "Coloreds" from each other in all aspects of life
colonialism
the practice of gaining control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically
the Berlin Conference (1884-85)
a conference of European imperial powers to divide up and conquer Africa into colonial "spheres" of control; no Africans were part of this conference
the Bush Doctrine
a foreign policy from U.S. President George W Bush declaring a "war on terror" and stating that the military would make "no distinction between terrorists and the countries that harbor them"
the UN Partition Plan of Palestine (1948)
the plan created by the United Nations to divide Palestine into Jewish and Arab controlled territories
the Balfour Declaration (1917)
a letter written by Great Britain's Foreign Minister James Balfour promising a Jewish state to the Jewish people in Palestine
the Taliban
a fundamentalist Islamic political movement that was in power in Afghanistan from 1994-2002
the "Middle East"
the nickname for Southwest Asia, in particular the parts that include Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and UAE
the "Cradle of Civilization"
describes Southwest Asia because it is the birthplace to 3 of the world's major religion (Islam, Christianity, Judaism); it is where the first cities started; and it is where farming began
IDP
Internally Displaced Person, someone that in every way is a "refugee" and has fled their home but not their country of origin
HDI
Human Development Index, a measure of quality of life based on a country's GDP per capita and other factors
GDP
Gross Domestic Product, a measure of the goods and services produced by a country each year
GDP per capita
measures the average income of the people in a country (to get this calculate the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country and divide it by the total population)
poverty rate
the rate of people that live below the national poverty line (given as a percentage)
renewable energy source(s)
energy that can be naturally replenished by nature, like wind, solar, hydroelectric (water), and nuclear power
nonrenewable energy source(s)
energy that will eventually run out, like coal, oil, and natural gas (i.e. "fossil fuels")
burqa
a voluminous, tent-like full-body outer garment that covers them from head to toe
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