27 terms

KAREN_SMIDDY5TEACHER

Boyle's Law

Inverse

Charles Law

Direct

Gay-Lussac's Law

Direct

Boyle's Law

For a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volume of the gas increases as the pressure decreases.

Charles Law

For a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas increases as the temperature increases.

Gay-Lussac's Law

For a fixed amount of gas at a constant volume, the pressure of the gas increases as the temperature increases.

Temperature

the average kinetic energy of gas particles. (i.e. how fast the particles move); ALWAYS USE KELVIN

Pressure

the force of gas particles hitting against the walls of the container; Make Units Match

Volume

how much space the gas occupies (Remember, a gas fills the volume of its container.); Use Liters

Boyle's Law

P1V1 = P2V2

Charles Law

V1/T1 = V2/T2

Gay-Lussac's Law Equation

P1/T1 = P2 /T2

Combined Gas Law Equation

P1V1/T1= P2V2/T2

Kinetic Molecular Theory

1) mass no volume 2) no forces exerted 3) constant, random motion 4) elastic collisions 5) kinetic energy based on temperature regardless of gas

True

True or False: If you have a balloon inside a car at noon during a hot summer day, the molecules inside the balloon will increase in pressure.

Increases

As the volume of confined gas decreases at constant temperature, the pressure exerted by the gas___________.

Boyle's Law

Which gas law is involved when a balloon pops after being sat on?

Kelvin

unit of measurement used for temperature

moles

unit of measurement represented by "n"

atmosphere

unit of measurement used to describe pressure

liters

unit of measurement used to describe volume

0 degrees C

Standard temperature

1 atmosphere

Standard pressure

sitting at your desk

Where would there be more air pressure - sitting at your desk, Boulder City Colorado or on top of a mountain?

Faster

Heating up the molecules of a gas allow the particles to move......

MORE pressure

If MORE gas molecules created MORE collisions with the sides of a container, then there will be_____

Burst because increased altitude will decrease external pressure allowing the internal pressure of the balloon to expand the balloon beyond its capacity.

A fly away balloon will eventually ......