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A cncerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States is known as
the homeland security movement
According to the conflict model, wghat is deemed criminal activity is determined by
he most politically powerful segment of society
Fire marshals, alcohol beverage control officers, and fish,game and watercraft wardens are all ____ level law enforcement personnel.
The explosion in violent crimes in the late 1980's was attributed to the widespread sale and use of
The fourth and largest layer of the wedding cake model of the criminal justie system is comprised of
The text refers to the judge, prosecutors, and defense attorneys in a criminal court as the court's
All of the following are true according to Beccaria, except that
punishment must be designed to diagnose and treat the underlying causes of criminal behavior
An explanation of a happening or circumstance based on observation, experimentation, and reasoning is a
Biochemical explanation of misbehavior include all of the following except
attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Classical theorists believe that a crime was an expression of a person's
rational decision making process
The idea that certain people are more likely to be victims of a crime that others is called
The belief that illegal drug abusers are a danger to society and should be punished accordingly is consistent with
the criminal model of addiction
Practitioners of life course criminology assert that the strongest predictors of future criminal behavior can be found by evaulating
The research published in Delinquency in a Birth Cohort asserted that ____ of juvenile offenders were responsible for the majority of violent crime
To understand the basics of addiction and physical dependence, one must understand the role of
dopamine in the brain
The theory that people adapt to the value of the subculture to which they belong is
cultural deviance theory
When considering the relationship between drugs and crime, the systemic model asserts that
violence is a by-product of the interpersonal relationships within the drug-using community
Which model holds that substance abusers are forced into petty crime to feed their addictions?
In the UCR, the FBI presents crime data in all of the following ways except
in rank order by occurrence
Which of the following is an advantage of the NCVS?
it represents victimization rates, including those crimes not reported to the police
Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons for the high rate of offending by adolescent populations?
The crime spike in the 1980's and early 1990's is thought by some to be related to the introduction of which illegal drug?
All of the following are requirements for the defense of duress, except
the threat must be induced by a public official
Hate crime laws make a person's _____ an important attendant circumstance to his or her criminal act.
In criminal law, _______ prevents unfair practices such as forced confessions, denial od counsel, or unreasonable searches.
procedural due process
The____amendment provides that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Many states use the concept of _______ to impose harsher penalties on certain crimes.
Ultimately, it is the _________ which determines whether an individual's due process has been violated
United States Supreme Court
Unlawful pressure brought to bear on a person, causing the person to perform an act that he or she would not otherwise perform is_______
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