Global Tea Final
Terms in this set (63)
1. Ch15. The story of tea in Americas begins with the _______, who imported the herb in the middle of the 17th century to their colony of New Amsterdam (present-day New York).
2. The famous Quaker, William Penn brought tea with him to the colony of _____________, which he founded on the Delaware River in 1682.
3. ___________ tea was the most popular tea, but ________ tea was also consumed.
black Bohea/ green
4. The first regular importations of tea to America began in the _________.a) 1710s b) 1720s c) 1730s d) 1740s
5. Legally, the American colonists were allowed to import tea only from _________, but in reality about three quarters of the tea was smuggled.
6. Why did the British feel that the colonists owed money to them?
they felt that the colonists should contribute to cover the costs of the French and Indian War
7. In 1764, to raise revenue from the American colonies, Britain imposed an internal ________ Tax, which immediately triggered riots and a boycott of British goods among the colonists and forced the British government to withdraw the tax.
8. In May, 1770, news reached the colonies that the British government had rescinded all the new taxes except the ________ tax.
9. In May, 1773, parliament decided to allow _______________ to export tea to the American colonies, while retaining the unpopular duty on tea.
the East India Company
10. In ________ and __________, the East India Company's agents, having been made aware of the people's strong opposition, decided not to receive the tea. In _______, however, two of the appointed agents were the sons of the governor, who gave them his full support in accepting the shipment.
New York/ Philadelphia/Boston
11. In what year did the so-called "Boston Tea Party" take place?
12. In 1783, the _____________ merchant Robert Morris organized a venture to send the first American ship to _________.
13. How many tons of tea did Morris's representative purchase?a) 4 tons b) 44 tons c) 144 tons d) 440 tons
14. (True/False) During the second half of the 19th century Japanese green tea made up the bulk of America's tea imports
15. What kind of tea is the favorite tea beverage among present-day Americans?
1. Ch.16 .At one time, the East India Company's immense profits from the China trade led it to discourage any idea of cultivating tea in India. What happened that made it change its mind?
In 1833, the Company lost its monopoly on commerce in the Far East and the China trade was opened to free competition.
2. In ________, the first shipment of Assam tea was dispatched in its own cabin to London. In ______, a group of London merchants formed the Assam Tea Company.
May 1838/ 1839
3. In the 1860s, tea production in Assam and other regions continued to expand at a rapid pace. What two things propelled this expansion?
1. British grew more and more fond of India tea as it gained popularity in England 2. excemption of Assam tea from tea tax
4. (True/False) The native tribes of Assam were seen as willing and reliable workers.
5. (True/False) The abuse of workers on the Assam tea plantations ended when the British government in India passed several acts to improve the workers' rights.
6. (True/False) In contrast to China, where tea cultivation most often was a family business, the Indian tea estates incorporated large tracts of land and hundreds of workers.
7. (True/False) In 1867, Thomas Lipton planted Assam tea seeds on 19 acres of land in Ceylon.
8. (True/False) As the native Sinhalese people (of Ceylon) refused to work on the plantation estates, Tamil laborers from southern India were brought in to plant, pick and prune the bushes.
9. (True/False) The Tamil laborers in Ceylon were more "free" than the workers on the tea plantations in Assam.
10. (True/False) Whereas the tea production in Assam was controlled by companies, Ceylon tea was manufactured and sold by individual estates.
11. In what year did Indian tea exports to Britain exceed Chinese tea exports for the first time?
12. How did Thomas Lipton "cut out the middleman" in selling tea?
He produced tea on his own estates and sold it directly to the consumers in his own stores.
1. Ch.17. Before the advent of the "tea clipper," tea and other commodities from the Far East had traveled to Europe in cumbersome ships which could take _________ months to complete the return voyage from Canton around the Cape of ____________ to London.
8/ Good Hope
2. In 1849, the British Parliament repealed the Navigation Laws. What was the immediate effect of this?
Opened British ports to foreign competition, in particular to the sleek American clipper ships
3. In December, 1850, the Yankee clipper Oriental docked in London with 887 tons of tea in her hold, just ____ days out of Hong Kong, a feat that caused both __________ and __________ in Britain.
4. Throughout the 1840s, ________ remained the main entrepôt (an intermediary center of trade and transshipment) for China's tea trade with the Western nations.
5. What two things caused a "scramble of free trade" and resulted in Chinese tea reaching British ports earlier each year?
1.The abolition of the East India Company's monopoly
2.The opening of new treaty ports after the Opium Wars
6. After the wholesaler (in London) had purchased his tea, it had to be blended for what three reasons?
1.Assure a uniform taste from year to year
2.To suit the individual customers
3.To adapt the tea to the water of the region where it was to be sold
7. (True/False) The drinking of tea was one reason Britain's population exploded in the 19th century.
8. (True/False) Between 1840 and 1860, Britain's per capita consumption of tea actually went down because of the increase in the price of tea leaves.
9. As _________ was the treaty port closest to the Bohea tea region, tea shipped down the Min river could be loaded there five or six weeks earlier than at Shanghai or Canton.
10. What were the "tea races" in the late 19th century?
races between clipper ships in order to get a bonus to be the first ship at the port with a seasonal tea.
11. In the first half of the 19th century, breakfast in well-to-do families was taken at a(n) _________ time than previously, while dinner was gradually moved ____________ in the day. This resulted in the creation of what new meal?
earlier/later/This had given rise to a new meal, lunch
12. The venerable institution of "afternoon tea" became one of the most prominent rituals in upper class British life. What are three other names that were used for "afternoon tea."
1.5 o'clock tea
13. (True/False) According to Victorian etiquette, the milk or cream was added to the tea, but later the reverse order became fashionable.
14. (True/False) "High tea" began as a working-class meal.
15. Among the wealthy, Sunday high tea included a feast of foods, such as cold salmon, pigeon, veal, fruits, cakes, and clotted cream. What is"clotted cream"?
A special cream made by carefully heating milk and then allowing it to cool while the cream rises to the surface in coagulated lumps.
16. What changes happened in the latter half of the 19th century in the way people drank tea in places outside their homes?
People began drinking tea at tearooms or teashops. Respectable women could go here for a break or to each lunch and socialize. They were often well decorated and had good food.
1. Ch.18. At the beginning of the 20th century, who were the greatest black tea-drinkers in the world?
2. Since the 1880s, China's once thriving tea industry had been in steep decline, and by the _______, it lay in ruins.
3. In 1944, _________ and __________ exported record amounts to bolster the war efforts of Britain and its Commonwealth allies.
4. Winston Churchill called tea more important than _____________ .
5. As the production of black tea expanded in ___________ in the second half of the 20th century, tea was incorporated into the traditional cultures of the region's inhabitants.
6. In 1946, the author _______________ wrote eleven golden rules for making the perfect cup of tea.
7. A revolution in the mechanization of the black tea manufacturing (the so-called "CTC" process) took place at the Tocklai Experimental Station in northeaster India. What did the letters "CTC" stand for?
crush-tear-curl or cut-tear curl
8. The increase in ________ and lowered ____________ made possible by the CTC process brought affordable tea into the lives of legions of new consumers around the world.
9. (True/False) The first individual tea bag patent was issued in 1896 in New York City.
10. (True/False) Brits adopted the new no-nonsense invention (i.e., the tea bag) without a second thought.
11. (True/False? Tea bags now account for 90 percent of the tea consumed in Britain.
12. In Japan, the chanoyu (tea ceremony) art of Sen Rikyu was handed down to the following generations of his family, who divided his legacy into how many schools?
13. By the 19th century, tea masters had come up with 1,000 tema.What are "temae"?
the minute rules for moving the body and handling the utensils when making tea.
14. (True/False) Both women and men have always been allowed to practice the chanoyu ceremony.
15. (True/False) By the end of World War II, chanoyu had become a virtually exclusive female activity.
16. What is the most common way of preparing tea in Japan today?
17. The Urasenke school alone is estimated to have around _______ million chanoyu students.
18. (True/False) Today China has recouped its position as one of the world's top tea exporters.
19. With Seattle the confirmed capital of new-age coffee, its arch-rival _____________ has fittingly emerged as the hottest, most creative tea scene in America.
20. (True/False) In terms of quantity, tea is still the most consumed hot beverage in Britain.
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